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Materials 2016, 9(3), 183; doi:10.3390/ma9030183

Biosynthesis of Bacterial Cellulose/Carboxylic Multi-Walled Carbon Nanotubes for Enzymatic Biofuel Cell Application

1
Key Laboratory of Eco-textiles, Jiangnan University, Wuxi 214122, Jiangsu, China
2
Key Laboratory of Textile Fabric, Anhui Polytechnic University, Wuhu 241000, Anhui, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Juergen Stampfl
Received: 26 January 2016 / Revised: 7 March 2016 / Accepted: 7 March 2016 / Published: 9 March 2016
(This article belongs to the Section Biomaterials)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [4625 KB, uploaded 9 March 2016]   |  

Abstract

Novel nanocomposites comprised of bacterial cellulose (BC) with carboxylic multi-walled carbon nanotubes (c-MWCNTs) incorporated into the BC matrix were prepared through a simple method of biosynthesis. The biocathode and bioanode for the enzyme biological fuel cell (EBFC) were prepared using BC/c-MWCNTs composite injected by laccase (Lac) and glucose oxidase (GOD) with the aid of glutaraldehyde (GA) crosslinking. Biosynthesis of BC/c-MWCNTs composite was characterized by digital photos, scanning electron microscope (SEM), and Fourier Transform Infrared (FTIR). The experimental results indicated the successful incorporation of c-MWCNTs into the BC. The electrochemical and biofuel performance were evaluated by cyclic voltammetry (CV) and linear sweep voltammetry (LSV). The power density and current density of EBFCs were recorded at 32.98 µW/cm3 and 0.29 mA/cm3, respectively. Additionally, the EBFCs also showed acceptable stability. Preliminary tests on double cells indicated that renewable BC have great potential in the application field of EBFCs. View Full-Text
Keywords: bacterial cellulose; carbon nanotubes; laccase; glucose oxidase; enzyme biological fuel cell bacterial cellulose; carbon nanotubes; laccase; glucose oxidase; enzyme biological fuel cell
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Lv, P.; Feng, Q.; Wang, Q.; Li, G.; Li, D.; Wei, Q. Biosynthesis of Bacterial Cellulose/Carboxylic Multi-Walled Carbon Nanotubes for Enzymatic Biofuel Cell Application. Materials 2016, 9, 183.

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