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Materials 2016, 9(3), 142; doi:10.3390/ma9030142

Sustainable Materials for Sustainable Energy Storage: Organic Na Electrodes

Department of Chemistry-Ångström Laboratory, Uppsala University, Box 538, 751 21 Uppsala, Sweden
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Academic Editor: Federico Bella
Received: 30 November 2015 / Revised: 18 January 2016 / Accepted: 15 February 2016 / Published: 1 March 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Electrode Materials)

Abstract

In this review, we summarize research efforts to realize Na-based organic materials for novel battery chemistries. Na is a more abundant element than Li, thereby contributing to less costly materials with limited to no geopolitical constraints while organic electrode materials harvested from biomass resources provide the possibility of achieving renewable battery components with low environmental impact during processing and recycling. Together, this can form the basis for truly sustainable electrochemical energy storage. We explore the efforts made on electrode materials of organic salts, primarily carbonyl compounds but also Schiff bases, unsaturated compounds, nitroxides and polymers. Moreover, sodiated carbonaceous materials derived from biomasses and waste products are surveyed. As a conclusion to the review, some shortcomings of the currently investigated materials are highlighted together with the major limitations for future development in this field. Finally, routes to move forward in this direction are suggested. View Full-Text
Keywords: Na-ion battery; organic electrode material; disordered carbons; renewable materials Na-ion battery; organic electrode material; disordered carbons; renewable materials
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Oltean, V.-A.; Renault, S.; Valvo, M.; Brandell, D. Sustainable Materials for Sustainable Energy Storage: Organic Na Electrodes. Materials 2016, 9, 142.

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