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Materials 2016, 9(12), 1025; doi:10.3390/ma9121025

Micromechanical Properties of a New Polymeric Microcapsule for Self-Healing Cementitious Materials

1
Micromechanics Laboratory (MICROLAB), Faculty of Civil Engineering and Geosciences, Delft University of Technology, Stevinweg 1, 2628 CN Delft, The Netherlands
2
Guangdong Province Key Laboratory of Durability for Marine Civil Engineering, School of Civil Engineering, Shenzhen University, Shenzhen 518060, China
3
Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Washington State University, P.O. Box 642910, Pullman, WA 99164-2910, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Nele De Belie
Received: 8 November 2016 / Revised: 5 December 2016 / Accepted: 15 December 2016 / Published: 20 December 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Self-Healing Concrete)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [9312 KB, uploaded 20 December 2016]   |  

Abstract

Self-healing cementitious materials containing a microencapsulated healing agent are appealing due to their great application potential in improving the serviceability and durability of concrete structures. In this study, poly(phenol–formaldehyde) (PF) microcapsules that aim to provide a self-healing function for cementitious materials were prepared by an in situ polymerization reaction. Size gradation of the synthesized microcapsules was achieved through a series of sieving processes. The shell thickness and the diameter of single microcapsules was accurately measured under environmental scanning electron microscopy (ESEM). The relationship between the physical properties of the synthesized microcapsules and their micromechanical properties were investigated using nanoindentation. The results of the mechanical tests show that, with the increase of the mean size of microcapsules and the decrease of shell thickness, the mechanical force required to trigger the self-healing function of microcapsules increased correspondingly from 68.5 ± 41.6 mN to 198.5 ± 31.6 mN, featuring a multi-sensitive trigger function. Finally, the rupture behavior and crack surface of cement paste with embedded microcapsules were observed and analyzed using X-ray computed tomography (XCT). The synthesized PF microcapsules may find potential application in self-healing cementitious materials. View Full-Text
Keywords: phenol–formaldehyde; microcapsule; self-healing; nanoindentation; micromehcanical properties phenol–formaldehyde; microcapsule; self-healing; nanoindentation; micromehcanical properties
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Lv, L.; Schlangen, E.; Yang, Z.; Xing, F. Micromechanical Properties of a New Polymeric Microcapsule for Self-Healing Cementitious Materials. Materials 2016, 9, 1025.

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