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Materials 2015, 8(9), 5834-5846; doi:10.3390/ma8095271

Influence of Layer Thickness and Raster Angle on the Mechanical Properties of 3D-Printed PEEK and a Comparative Mechanical Study between PEEK and ABS

1
School of Mechanical Science and Engineering, Jilin University, Renmin Street 5988, Changchun 130025, China
2
Alan G. MacDiarmid Institute, College of Chemistry, Jilin University, Qianjin Street 2699, Changchun 130012, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Reza Montazami
Received: 20 May 2015 / Revised: 15 June 2015 / Accepted: 19 June 2015 / Published: 1 September 2015
(This article belongs to the Section Manufacturing Processes and Systems)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [4951 KB, uploaded 1 September 2015]   |  

Abstract

Fused deposition modeling (FDM) is a rapidly growing 3D printing technology. However, printing materials are restricted to acrylonitrile butadiene styrene (ABS) or poly (lactic acid) (PLA) in most Fused deposition modeling (FDM) equipment. Here, we report on a new high-performance printing material, polyether-ether-ketone (PEEK), which could surmount these shortcomings. This paper is devoted to studying the influence of layer thickness and raster angle on the mechanical properties of 3D-printed PEEK. Samples with three different layer thicknesses (200, 300 and 400 μm) and raster angles (0°, 30° and 45°) were built using a polyether-ether-ketone (PEEK) 3D printing system and their tensile, compressive and bending strengths were tested. The optimal mechanical properties of polyether-ether-ketone (PEEK) samples were found at a layer thickness of 300 μm and a raster angle of 0°. To evaluate the printing performance of polyether-ether-ketone (PEEK) samples, a comparison was made between the mechanical properties of 3D-printed polyether-ether-ketone (PEEK) and acrylonitrile butadiene styrene (ABS) parts. The results suggest that the average tensile strengths of polyether-ether-ketone (PEEK) parts were 108% higher than those for acrylonitrile butadiene styrene (ABS), and compressive strengths were 114% and bending strengths were 115%. However, the modulus of elasticity for both materials was similar. These results indicate that the mechanical properties of 3D-printed polyether-ether-ketone (PEEK) are superior to 3D-printed ABS. View Full-Text
Keywords: 3D printing; polyether-ether-ketone (PEEK); raster angle; layer thickness 3D printing; polyether-ether-ketone (PEEK); raster angle; layer thickness
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Wu, W.; Geng, P.; Li, G.; Zhao, D.; Zhang, H.; Zhao, J. Influence of Layer Thickness and Raster Angle on the Mechanical Properties of 3D-Printed PEEK and a Comparative Mechanical Study between PEEK and ABS. Materials 2015, 8, 5834-5846.

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