Isolation and Characterization of Nano-Hydroxyapatite from Salmon Fish Bone
AbstractNano-Hydroxyapatite (nHA) was isolated from salmon bone by alkaline hydrolysis. The resulting nHA was characterized using several analytical tools, including thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), X-ray diffraction analysis (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM), to determine the purity of the nHA sample. The removal of organic matter from the raw fish was confirmed by TGA. FT-IR confirmed the presence of a carbonated group and the similarities to synthetic Sigma HA. XRD revealed that the isolated nHA was amorphous. Microscopy demonstrated that the isolated nHA possessed a nanostructure with a size range of 6–37 nm. The obtained nHA interacted with mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) and was non-toxic. Increased mineralization was observed for nHA treated MSCs compared to the control group. These results suggest that nHA derived from salmon is a promising biomaterial in the field of bone tissue engineering. View Full-Text
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Venkatesan, J.; Lowe, B.; Manivasagan, P.; Kang, K.-H.; Chalisserry, E.P.; Anil, S.; Kim, D.G.; Kim, S.-K. Isolation and Characterization of Nano-Hydroxyapatite from Salmon Fish Bone. Materials 2015, 8, 5426-5439.
Venkatesan J, Lowe B, Manivasagan P, Kang K-H, Chalisserry EP, Anil S, Kim DG, Kim S-K. Isolation and Characterization of Nano-Hydroxyapatite from Salmon Fish Bone. Materials. 2015; 8(8):5426-5439.Chicago/Turabian Style
Venkatesan, Jayachandran; Lowe, Baboucarr; Manivasagan, Panchanathan; Kang, Kyong-Hwa; Chalisserry, Elna P.; Anil, Sukumaran; Kim, Dong G.; Kim, Se-Kwon. 2015. "Isolation and Characterization of Nano-Hydroxyapatite from Salmon Fish Bone." Materials 8, no. 8: 5426-5439.