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Materials 2015, 8(6), 3238-3253; doi:10.3390/ma8063238

Microleakage of Different Self-Adhesive Materials for Lithium Disilicate CAD/CAM Crowns

1
Department of Biological and Material Sciences in Dentistry, Faculty of Health, Witten/Herdecke University, Alfred Herrhausenstrasse 44, 58455 Witten, Germany
2
Point Dr. Prünte und Partner Bergpfad 7, 59423 Unna, Germany
3
Institute for Medical Biometry and Epidemiology, Witten/Herdecke University, Alfred Herrhausenstrasse 50, 58448 Witten, Germany
4
Department of Prosthodontics, Faculty of Health, Witten/Herdecke University, Alfred Herrhausenstrasse 44, 58455 Witten, Germany
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Ihtesham ur Rehman
Received: 5 February 2015 / Accepted: 27 May 2015 / Published: 3 June 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Dental Materials)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [787 KB, uploaded 3 June 2015]   |  

Abstract

Objectives: To evaluate the microleakage and marginal gap of various luting materials after cementing ceramic crowns. Methods: Cervical margins of human molars were designed as circular chamfers. Cementation of full-contour ceramic crowns was conducted with zinc-phosphate cement (Harvard cement), resin cement (Panavia F 2.0) and self-adhesive resin cements (RelyX Unicem, BifixSE, MaxCem Elite, PermaCem2.0, G-Cem). Aging of specimens was performed in artificial saliva, at 37 °C for four weeks and thermocycling. The marginal gap was measured with a scanning electron microscope and silver precipitation within the microleakage. All data were compared statistically. Results: Independent of the margin preparation, the highest median value for microleakage was 320.2 μm (Harvard cement), and the lowest was 0 μm (Panavia F 2.0). The median value for enamel was 0 µm and for dentin 270.9 μm (p < 0.001), which was independent of the luting material. The marginal and absolute marginal gaps were not significantly different between the tested materials. There was no correlation between microleakage and the marginal gaps. Conclusion: Significant differences in microleakage were found between the tested luting materials (p < 0.05). Independent from the luting materials, the microleakage in dentin showed significantly higher values than in enamel. View Full-Text
Keywords: luting materials; microleakage; marginal gap; marginal adaptation; marginal sealing; CAD/CAM crowns; indirect restoration; cementation luting materials; microleakage; marginal gap; marginal adaptation; marginal sealing; CAD/CAM crowns; indirect restoration; cementation
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Naumova, E.A.; Valta, A.; Schaper, K.; Arnold, W.H.; Piwowarczyk, A. Microleakage of Different Self-Adhesive Materials for Lithium Disilicate CAD/CAM Crowns. Materials 2015, 8, 3238-3253.

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