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Materials 2015, 8(5), 2204-2216; doi:10.3390/ma8052204

Fabrication and Characterization of a SPR Based Fiber Optic Sensor for the Detection of Chlorine Gas Using Silver and Zinc Oxide

Department of Physics, Indian Institute of Technology Delhi, New Delhi 110016, India
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Gururaj V. Naik
Received: 16 March 2015 / Revised: 12 April 2015 / Accepted: 17 April 2015 / Published: 28 April 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Plasmonic Materials)
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Abstract

A fiber optic chlorine gas sensor working on surface plasmon resonance (SPR) technique fabricated using coatings of silver and zinc oxide films over unclad core of the optical fiber is reported. The sensor probe is characterized using wavelength interrogation and recording SPR spectra for different concentrations of chlorine gas around the probe. A red shift is observed in the resonance wavelength on increasing the concentration of the chlorine gas. The thickness of the zinc oxide film is optimized to achieve the maximum sensitivity of the sensor. In addition to wavelength interrogation, the sensor can also work on intensity modulation. The selectivity of the sensor towards chlorine gas is verified by carrying out measurements for different gases. The sensor has various advantages such as better sensitivity, good selectivity, reusability, fast response, low cost, capability of online monitoring and remote sensing. View Full-Text
Keywords: chlorine gas; optical fiber; sensor; surface plasmon resonance; zinc oxide chlorine gas; optical fiber; sensor; surface plasmon resonance; zinc oxide
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Usha, S.P.; Mishra, S.K.; Gupta, B.D. Fabrication and Characterization of a SPR Based Fiber Optic Sensor for the Detection of Chlorine Gas Using Silver and Zinc Oxide. Materials 2015, 8, 2204-2216.

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