Order Reconstruction in a Nanoconfined Nematic Liquid Crystal between Two Coaxial Cylinders
AbstractThe dynamics of a disclination loop (s = ±1/2) in nematic liquid crystals constrained between two coaxial cylinders were investigated based on two-dimensional Landau–de Gennes tensorial formalism by using a finite-difference iterative method. The effect of thickness (d = R2 − R1, where R1 and R2 represent the internal and external radii of the cylindrical cavity, respectively) on the director distribution of the defect was simulated using different R1 values. The results show that the order reconstruction occurs at a critical value of dc, which decreases with increasing inner ratio R1. The loop also shrinks, and the defect center deviates from the middle of the system, which is a non-planar structure. The deviation decreases with decreasing d or increasing R1, implying that the system tends to be a planar cell. Two models were then established to analyze the combined effect of non-planar geometry and electric field. The common action of these parameters facilitates order reconstruction, whereas their opposite action complicates the process. View Full-Text
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Zhou, X.; Zhang, Z.; Zhang, Q.; Ye, W. Order Reconstruction in a Nanoconfined Nematic Liquid Crystal between Two Coaxial Cylinders. Materials 2015, 8, 8072-8086.
Zhou X, Zhang Z, Zhang Q, Ye W. Order Reconstruction in a Nanoconfined Nematic Liquid Crystal between Two Coaxial Cylinders. Materials. 2015; 8(12):8072-8086.Chicago/Turabian Style
Zhou, Xuan; Zhang, Zhidong; Zhang, Qian; Ye, Wenjiang. 2015. "Order Reconstruction in a Nanoconfined Nematic Liquid Crystal between Two Coaxial Cylinders." Materials 8, no. 12: 8072-8086.