Enhanced Stability of Calcium Sulfate Scaffolds with 45S5 Bioglass for Bone Repair
AbstractCalcium sulfate (CaSO4), as a promising tissue repair material, has been applied widely due to its outstanding bioabsorbability and osteoconduction. However, fast disintegration, insufficient mechanical strength and poor bioactivity have limited its further application. In the study, CaSO4 scaffolds fabricated by using selective laser sintering were improved by adding 45S5 bioglass. The 45S5 bioglass enhanced stability significantly due to the bond effect of glassy phase between the CaSO4 grains. After immersing for four days in simulated body fluid (SBF), the specimens with 45S5 bioglass could still retain its original shape compared as opposed to specimens without 45S5 bioglass who experienced disintegration. Meanwhile, its compressive strength and fracture toughness increased by 80% and 37%, respectively. Furthermore, the apatite layer was formed on the CaSO4 scaffolds with 45S5 bioglass in SBF, indicating good bioactivity of the scaffolds. In addition, the scaffolds showed good ability to support the osteoblast-like cell adhesion and proliferation. View Full-Text
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Shuai, C.; Zhou, J.; Wu, P.; Gao, C.; Feng, P.; Xiao, T.; Deng, Y.; Peng, S. Enhanced Stability of Calcium Sulfate Scaffolds with 45S5 Bioglass for Bone Repair. Materials 2015, 8, 7498-7510.
Shuai C, Zhou J, Wu P, Gao C, Feng P, Xiao T, Deng Y, Peng S. Enhanced Stability of Calcium Sulfate Scaffolds with 45S5 Bioglass for Bone Repair. Materials. 2015; 8(11):7498-7510.Chicago/Turabian Style
Shuai, Cijun; Zhou, Jianhua; Wu, Ping; Gao, Chengde; Feng, Pei; Xiao, Tao; Deng, Youwen; Peng, Shuping. 2015. "Enhanced Stability of Calcium Sulfate Scaffolds with 45S5 Bioglass for Bone Repair." Materials 8, no. 11: 7498-7510.