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Materials 2015, 8(10), 7145-7160; doi:10.3390/ma8105367

Fatigue Life Prediction Based on Crack Closure and Equivalent Initial Flaw Size

Science and Technology on Reliability and Environmental Engineering Laboratory, School of Reliability and Systems Engineering, Beihang University, Beijing100191, China
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Daolun Chen
Received: 21 August 2015 / Revised: 2 October 2015 / Accepted: 13 October 2015 / Published: 21 October 2015
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Failure analysis and fatigue life prediction are necessary and critical for engineering structural materials. In this paper, a general methodology is proposed to predict fatigue life of smooth and circular-hole specimens, in which the crack closure model and equivalent initial flaw size (EIFS) concept are employed. Different effects of crack closure on small crack growth region and long crack growth region are considered in the proposed method. The EIFS is determined by the fatigue limit and fatigue threshold stress intensity factor Kth. Fatigue limit is directly obtained from experimental data, and Kth is calculated by using a back-extrapolation method. Experimental data for smooth and circular-hole specimens in three different alloys (Al2024-T3, Al7075-T6 and Ti-6Al-4V) under multiple stress ratios are used to validate the method. In the validation section, Semi-circular surface crack and quarter-circular corner crack are assumed to be the initial crack shapes for the smooth and circular-hole specimens, respectively. A good agreement is observed between model predictions and experimental data. The detailed analysis and discussion are performed on the proposed model. Some conclusions and future work are given. View Full-Text
Keywords: life prediction; crack closure; equivalent initial flaw size; small crack theory life prediction; crack closure; equivalent initial flaw size; small crack theory

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Wang, Q.; Zhang, W.; Jiang, S. Fatigue Life Prediction Based on Crack Closure and Equivalent Initial Flaw Size. Materials 2015, 8, 7145-7160.

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