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Materials 2015, 8(10), 6623-6632; doi:10.3390/ma8105326

Synthesis and Tribological Studies of Branched Alcohol Derived Epoxidized Biodiesel

1
School of Pertrochemical Engineering, Changzhou University, Changzhou 213164, China
2
Chinese Academy of Science Key Laboratory of Soft Matter Chemistry, Department of Polymer Science and Engineering, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei 230026, China
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Vance Williams
Received: 25 June 2015 / Revised: 25 August 2015 / Accepted: 21 September 2015 / Published: 24 September 2015
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Abstract

The optimization and kinetics of the ring-opening reaction of an epoxidized biodiesel (epoxidized rapeseed oil methyl ester) (EBD) with 2-ethyl hexanol (2-EH) were studied. The determined optimum conditions were 4:1 2-EH/oil molar ratio, 90 °C, 18 h, and 7 wt % of Amberlyst D001 (dry) catalyst; the product’s oxirane oxygen content was 0.081% with 38.32 mm2/s viscosity at 40 °C. The catalyst retained its high catalytic power after recycling five times. Furthermore, the determined non-catalyzed activation energy was 76 kJ·mol−1 and 54 kJ·mol−1 with the D001 resin catalyst. The product’s chemical structure was investigated through FT-IR and 1H NMR. The viscosity, flash point, pour point, and anti-wear properties of the product were improved compared with those of epoxidized biodiesel. View Full-Text
Keywords: epoxidized biodiesel; ring-opening reaction; kinetics; lubrication epoxidized biodiesel; ring-opening reaction; kinetics; lubrication
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Ren, Q.; Pan, J.; Zhou, J.; Na, Y.; Chen, C.; Li, W. Synthesis and Tribological Studies of Branched Alcohol Derived Epoxidized Biodiesel. Materials 2015, 8, 6623-6632.

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