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Materials 2014, 7(9), 6291-6303; doi:10.3390/ma7096291

Anthracene Fibers Grown in a Microstructured Optical Fiber for X-ray Detection

1
NASA Langley Research Center, Hampton, VA 23681, USA
2
Department of Engineering, and Center for Biotechnology and Biomedical Sciences, Norfolk State University, Norfolk, VA 23504, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 13 June 2014 / Revised: 21 August 2014 / Accepted: 25 August 2014 / Published: 3 September 2014
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Abstract

Anthracene fibers are grown inside a microstructured quartz matrix to form a multicore optical fiber for X-ray detection. A modified fiber growth method for single crystal anthracene from the melt via the Bridgman-Stockbarger technique is presented. The anthracene fiber is characterized by using spectrophotometry, Raman spectroscopy, and X-ray diffraction. These results show the anthracene grown in fiber has high purity and a crystal structure similar to anthracene grown from liquid, vapor, and melt techniques. As an X-ray detector, the output is 12%–16% efficient between the energy ranges of 40 and 10 keV. The effect of materials and fiber processing are discussed. View Full-Text
Keywords: growth from melt; organic compounds; scintillating materials; optical fiber devices growth from melt; organic compounds; scintillating materials; optical fiber devices
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

DeHaven, S.; Wincheski, R.; Albin, S. Anthracene Fibers Grown in a Microstructured Optical Fiber for X-ray Detection. Materials 2014, 7, 6291-6303.

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