Next Article in Journal
Hybrid Composites Based on Carbon Fiber/Carbon Nanofilament Reinforcement
Previous Article in Journal
New Lyotropic Mixtures with Non-Chiral N-Acylamino Acid Surfactants Presenting the Biaxial Nematic Phase Investigated by Laser Conoscopy, Polarized Optical Microscopy and X-ray Diffraction
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessReview
Materials 2014, 7(6), 4148-4181; doi:10.3390/ma7064148

Characterization of Nanoreinforcement Dispersion in Inorganic Nanocomposites: A Review

Department of Mechanical Engineering, Center of Research Excellence in Nanotechnology, King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals, Dhahran 31261, Saudi Arabia
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 20 April 2014 / Revised: 14 May 2014 / Accepted: 15 May 2014 / Published: 28 May 2014
(This article belongs to the Section Structure Analysis and Characterization)


Metal and ceramic matrix composites have been developed to enhance the stiffness and strength of metals and alloys, and improve the toughness of monolithic ceramics, respectively. It is possible to further improve their properties by using nanoreinforcement, which led to the development of metal and ceramic matrix nanocomposites, in which case, the dimension of the reinforcement is on the order of nanometer, typically less than 100 nm. However, in many cases, the properties measured experimentally remain far from those estimated theoretically. This is mainly due to the fact that the properties of nanocomposites depend not only on the properties of the individual constituents, i.e., the matrix and reinforcement as well as the interface between them, but also on the extent of nanoreinforcement dispersion. Therefore, obtaining a uniform dispersion of the nanoreinforcement in the matrix remains a key issue in the development of nanocomposites with the desired properties. The issue of nanoreinforcement dispersion was not fully addressed in review papers dedicated to processing, characterization, and properties of inorganic nanocomposites. In addition, characterization of nanoparticles dispersion, reported in literature, remains largely qualitative. The objective of this review is to provide a comprehensive description of characterization techniques used to evaluate the extent of nanoreinforcement dispersion in inorganic nanocomposites and critically review published work. Moreover, methodologies and techniques used to characterize reinforcement dispersion in conventional composites, which may be used for quantitative characterization of nanoreinforcement dispersion in nanocomposites, is also presented. View Full-Text
Keywords: nanoreinforcement; dispersion; matrix; qualitative characterization; quantitative characterization; nanocomposites; nanomaterials nanoreinforcement; dispersion; matrix; qualitative characterization; quantitative characterization; nanocomposites; nanomaterials

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Saheb, N.; Qadir, N.U.; Siddiqui, M.U.; Arif, A.F.M.; Akhtar, S.S.; Al-Aqeeli, N. Characterization of Nanoreinforcement Dispersion in Inorganic Nanocomposites: A Review. Materials 2014, 7, 4148-4181.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Materials EISSN 1996-1944 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top