Abstract: The aim of this study was to prepare Eudragit Retard L (Eudragit RL) nanoparticles (ENPs) and to determine their properties, their uptake by the human THP-1 cell line in vitro and their effect on the hematological parameters and erythrocyte damage in rats. ENPs showed an average size of 329.0 ± 18.5 nm, a positive zeta potential value of +57.5 ± 5.47 mV and nearly spherical shape with a smooth surface. THP-1 cell lines could phagocyte ENPs after 2 h of incubation. In the in vivo study, male Sprague-Dawley rats were exposed orally or intraperitoneally (IP) with a single dose of ENP (50 mg/kg body weight). Blood samples were collected after 4 h, 48 h, one week and three weeks for hematological and erythrocytes analysis. ENPs induced significant hematological disturbances in platelets, red blood cell (RBC) total and differential counts of white blood cells (WBCs) after 4 h, 48 h and one week. ENP increased met-Hb and Co-Hb derivatives and decreased met-Hb reductase activity. These parameters were comparable to the control after three weeks when administrated orally. It could be concluded that the route of administration has a major effect on the induction of hematological disturbances and should be considered when ENPs are applied for drug delivery systems.
Keywords: Eudragit; nanoparticles; nanotoxicity; hematology; erythrocytes damage; oxidative stress
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Abdel-Wahhab, M.A.; Abdel-Wahhab, K.G.; Mannaa, F.A.; Hassan, N.S.; Safar, R.; Diab, R.; Foliguet, B.; Ferrari, L.; Rihn, B.H. Uptake of Eudragit Retard L (Eudragit® RL) Nanoparticles by Human THP-1 Cell Line and Its Effects on Hematology and Erythrocyte Damage in Rats. Materials 2014, 7, 1555-1572.
Abdel-Wahhab MA, Abdel-Wahhab KG, Mannaa FA, Hassan NS, Safar R, Diab R, Foliguet B, Ferrari L, Rihn BH. Uptake of Eudragit Retard L (Eudragit® RL) Nanoparticles by Human THP-1 Cell Line and Its Effects on Hematology and Erythrocyte Damage in Rats. Materials. 2014; 7(3):1555-1572.
Abdel-Wahhab, Mosaad A.; Abdel-Wahhab, Khaled G.; Mannaa, Fathia A.; Hassan, Nabila S.; Safar, Ramia; Diab, Roudayna; Foliguet, Bernard; Ferrari, Luc; Rihn, Bertrand H. 2014. "Uptake of Eudragit Retard L (Eudragit® RL) Nanoparticles by Human THP-1 Cell Line and Its Effects on Hematology and Erythrocyte Damage in Rats." Materials 7, no. 3: 1555-1572.