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Materials 2014, 7(11), 7566-7582; doi:10.3390/ma7117566

Microfluidic Flows and Heat Transfer and Their Influence on Optical Modes in Microstructure Fibers

1
Nanophotonics Research Laboratory, Department of Electrical Engineering/Computer Engineering and Informatics, Cyprus University of Technology, 3603 Limassol, Cyprus
2
Faculty of Engineering and Technology, Cyprus University of Technology, 3603 Limassol, Cyprus
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 8 July 2014 / Revised: 16 September 2014 / Accepted: 14 November 2014 / Published: 24 November 2014
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Abstract

A finite element analysis (FEA) model has been constructed to predict the thermo-fluidic and optical properties of a microstructure optical fiber (MOF) accounting for changes in external temperature, input water velocity and optical fiber geometry. Modeling a water laminar flow within a water channel has shown that the steady-state temperature is dependent on the water channel radius while independent of the input velocity. There is a critical channel radius below which the steady-state temperature of the water channel is constant, while above, the temperature decreases. However, the distance required to reach steady state within the water channel is dependent on both the input velocity and the channel radius. The MOF has been found capable of supporting multiple modes. Despite the large thermo-optic coefficient of water, the bound modes’ response to temperature was dominated by the thermo-optic coefficient of glass. This is attributed to the majority of the light being confined within the glass, which increased with increasing external temperature due to a larger difference in the refractive index between the glass core and the water channel. View Full-Text
Keywords: microstructure optical fibers; heat transfer; microfluidics microstructure optical fibers; heat transfer; microfluidics
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Davies, E.; Christodoulides, P.; Florides, G.; Kalli, K. Microfluidic Flows and Heat Transfer and Their Influence on Optical Modes in Microstructure Fibers. Materials 2014, 7, 7566-7582.

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