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Materials 2013, 6(9), 4064-4081; doi:10.3390/ma6094064
Article

Experimental Study on Cementitious Composites Embedded with Organic Microcapsules

1,* , 1,* , 1
,
1
 and
1,2
1 Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Durability for Marine Civil Engineering, College of Civil Engineering, Shenzhen University, Shenzhen, Guangdong 518060, China 2 Faculty of Civil Engineering and GeoSciences, Delft University of Technology, Delft 2600 AA, The Netherlands
* Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 12 July 2013 / Revised: 20 August 2013 / Accepted: 9 September 2013 / Published: 16 September 2013
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Self-healing Concrete)
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Abstract

The recovery behavior for strength and impermeability of cementitious composites embedded with organic microcapsules was investigated in this study. Mortar specimens were formed by mixing the organic microcapsules and a catalyst with cement and sand. The mechanical behaviors of flexural and compression strength were tested. The results showed that strength could increase by up to nine percent with the addition of a small amount of microcapsules and then decrease with an increasing amount of microcapsules. An orthogonal test for investigating the strength recovery rate was designed and implemented for bending and compression using the factors of water/cement ratio, amount of microcapsules, and preloading rate. It is shown that the amount of microcapsules plays a key role in the strength recovery rate. Chloride ion permeability tests were also carried out to investigate the recovery rate and healing effect. The initial damage was obtained by subjecting the specimens to compression. Both the recovery rate and the healing effect were nearly proportional to the amount of microcapsules. The obtained cementitious composites can be seen as self-healing owing to their recovery behavior for both strength and permeability.
Keywords: self-healing concrete; organic microcapsules; permeability; recovery rate; healing effect self-healing concrete; organic microcapsules; permeability; recovery rate; healing effect
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Wang, X.; Xing, F.; Zhang, M.; Han, N.; Qian, Z. Experimental Study on Cementitious Composites Embedded with Organic Microcapsules. Materials 2013, 6, 4064-4081.

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