Materials 2013, 6(7), 3007-3021; doi:10.3390/ma6073007
Article

Charged Polymers Transport under Applied Electric Fields in Periodic Channels

1,* email and 1,2email
Received: 3 June 2013; in revised form: 10 July 2013 / Accepted: 11 July 2013 / Published: 19 July 2013
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Diffusion in Micropores and Mesopores 2013)
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Abstract: By molecular dynamics simulations, we investigated the transport of charged polymers in applied electric fields in confining environments, which were straight cylinders of uniform or non-uniform diameter. In the simulations, the solvent was modeled explicitly and, also, the counterions and coions of added salt. The electrophoretic velocities of charged chains in relation to electrolyte friction, hydrodynamic effects due to the solvent, and surface friction were calculated. We found that the velocities were higher if counterions were moved away from the polymeric domain, which led to a decrease in hydrodynamic friction. The topology of the surface played a key role in retarding the motion of the polyelectrolyte and, even more so, in the presence of transverse electric fields. The present study showed that a possible way of improving separation resolution is by controlling the motion of counterions or electrolyte friction effects.
Keywords: molecular dynamics; polyelectrolytes; confinement
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MDPI and ACS Style

Nedelcu, S.; Sommer, J.-U. Charged Polymers Transport under Applied Electric Fields in Periodic Channels. Materials 2013, 6, 3007-3021.

AMA Style

Nedelcu S, Sommer J-U. Charged Polymers Transport under Applied Electric Fields in Periodic Channels. Materials. 2013; 6(7):3007-3021.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Nedelcu, Sorin; Sommer, Jens-Uwe. 2013. "Charged Polymers Transport under Applied Electric Fields in Periodic Channels." Materials 6, no. 7: 3007-3021.


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