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Self-Healing of Microcracks in Engineered Cementitious Composites (ECC) Under a Natural Environment
Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA
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Received: 5 June 2013; in revised form: 2 July 2013 / Accepted: 8 July 2013 / Published: 15 July 2013
Abstract: This paper builds on previous self-healing engineered cementitious composites (ECC) research by allowing ECC to heal outdoors, in the natural environment, under random and sometimes extreme environmental conditions. Development of an ECC material that can heal itself in the natural environment could lower infrastructure maintenance costs and allow for more sustainable development in the future by increasing service life and decreasing the amount of resources and energy needed for repairs. Determining to what extent current ECC materials self-heal in the natural environment is the first step in the development of an ECC that can completely heal itself when exposed to everyday environmental conditions. This study monitored outdoor ECC specimens for one year using resonant frequency (RF) and mechanical reloading to determine the rate and extent of self-healing in the natural environment. It was found that the level of RF, stiffness, and first cracking strength recovery increased as the duration of natural environment exposure increased. For specimens that underwent multiple damage cycles, it was found that the level of recovery was highly dependent on the average temperature and amount of precipitation between each damage event. However, RF, stiffness, and first cracking strength recovery data for specimens that underwent multiple loading cycles suggest that self-healing functionality can be maintained under multiple damage events.
Keywords: engineered cementitious composites (ECC); concrete; self-healing
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Cite This Article
MDPI and ACS Style
Herbert, E.N.; Li, V.C. Self-Healing of Microcracks in Engineered Cementitious Composites (ECC) Under a Natural Environment. Materials 2013, 6, 2831-2845.
Herbert EN, Li VC. Self-Healing of Microcracks in Engineered Cementitious Composites (ECC) Under a Natural Environment. Materials. 2013; 6(7):2831-2845.
Herbert, Emily N.; Li, Victor C. 2013. "Self-Healing of Microcracks in Engineered Cementitious Composites (ECC) Under a Natural Environment." Materials 6, no. 7: 2831-2845.