Next Article in Journal
Mechanism of Generation of ZnO Microstructures by Microwave-Assisted Hydrothermal Approach
Previous Article in Journal
Interactions and Diffusion of Methane and Hydrogen in Microporous Structures: Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) Studies
Materials 2013, 6(6), 2483-2496; doi:10.3390/ma6062483

Enhancement of the Mechanical Properties of Basalt Fiber-Wood-Plastic Composites via Maleic Anhydride Grafted High-Density Polyethylene (MAPE) Addition

1,* , 2
1 Key Laboratory of Concrete and Prestressed Concrete Structures of Ministry of Education & International Institute for Urban Systems Engineering, Southeast University, Nanjing 210096, China 2 Faculty of Mechanical Engineering & Automation, Zhejiang Sci-Tech University, Hangzhou 310018, China 3 Jiangsu Key Laboratory of Construction Materials, School of Materials Science and Engineering, Southeast University, Nanjing 211189, China 4 Department of Mechanical Engineering, Graduate School & Faculty of Engineering, Chiba University, Chiba 263-8522, Japan
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 17 December 2012 / Revised: 21 May 2013 / Accepted: 31 May 2013 / Published: 18 June 2013
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [565 KB, uploaded 18 June 2013]   |   Browse Figures


This study investigated the mechanisms, using microscopy and strength testing approaches, by which the addition of maleic anhydride grafted high-density polyethylene (MAPE) enhances the mechanical properties of basalt fiber-wood-plastic composites (BF-WPCs). The maximum values of the specific tensile and flexural strengths are achieved at a MAPE content of 5%–8%. The elongation increases rapidly at first and then continues slowly. The nearly complete integration of the wood fiber with the high-density polyethylene upon MAPE addition to WPC is examined, and two models of interfacial behavior are proposed. We examined the physical significance of both interfacial models and their ability to accurately describe the effects of MAPE addition. The mechanism of formation of the Model I interface and the integrated matrix is outlined based on the chemical reactions that may occur between the various components as a result of hydrogen bond formation or based on the principle of compatibility, resulting from similar polarity. The Model I fracture occurred on the outer surface of the interfacial layer, visually demonstrating the compatibilization effect of MAPE addition.
Keywords: WPC; basalt fiber; MAPE; composite material WPC; basalt fiber; MAPE; composite material
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

Share & Cite This Article

Further Mendeley | CiteULike
Export to BibTeX |
EndNote |
MDPI and ACS Style

Chen, J.; Wang, Y.; Gu, C.; Liu, J.; Liu, Y.; Li, M.; Lu, Y. Enhancement of the Mechanical Properties of Basalt Fiber-Wood-Plastic Composites via Maleic Anhydride Grafted High-Density Polyethylene (MAPE) Addition. Materials 2013, 6, 2483-2496.

View more citation formats

Related Articles

Article Metrics

For more information on the journal, click here


[Return to top]
Materials EISSN 1996-1944 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert