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Materials 2013, 6(5), 1903-1919; doi:10.3390/ma6051903
Article

TiB2-Based Composites for Ultra-High-Temperature Devices, Fabricated by SHS, Combining Strong and Weak Exothermic Reactions

Received: 8 April 2013; in revised form: 2 May 2013 / Accepted: 2 May 2013 / Published: 10 May 2013
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Ultra-high Temperature Ceramics)
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Abstract: TiB2-based ceramic matrix composites (CMCs) were fabricated using elemental powders of Ti, B and C. The self-propagating high temperature synthesis (SHS) was carried out for the highly exothermic “in situ” reaction of TiB2 formation and the “tailing” synthesis of boron carbide characterized by weak exothermicity. Two series of samples were fabricated, one of them being prepared with additional milling of raw materials. The effects of TiB2 vol fraction as well as grain size of reactant were investigated. The results revealed that combustion was not successful for a TiB2:B4C molar ratio of 0.96, which corresponds to 40 vol% of TiB2 in the composite, however the SHS reaction was initiated and self-propagated for the intended TiB2:B4C molar ratio of 2.16 or above. Finally B13C2 was formed as the matrix phase in each composite. Significant importance of the grain size of the C precursor with regard to the reaction completeness, which affected the microstructure homogeneity and hardness of investigated composites, was proved in this study. The grain size of Ti powder did not influence the microstructure of TiB2 grains. The best properties (HV = 25.5 GPa, average grain size of 9 μm and homogenous microstructure), were obtained for material containing 80 vol% of TiB2, fabricated using a graphite precursor of 2 μm.
Keywords: TiB2; boron carbide; ceramic matrix composites (CMCs); self-propagating high temperature synthesis (SHS); ultra-high temperature ceramics (UHTCs) TiB2; boron carbide; ceramic matrix composites (CMCs); self-propagating high temperature synthesis (SHS); ultra-high temperature ceramics (UHTCs)
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Ziemnicka-Sylwester, M. TiB2-Based Composites for Ultra-High-Temperature Devices, Fabricated by SHS, Combining Strong and Weak Exothermic Reactions. Materials 2013, 6, 1903-1919.

AMA Style

Ziemnicka-Sylwester M. TiB2-Based Composites for Ultra-High-Temperature Devices, Fabricated by SHS, Combining Strong and Weak Exothermic Reactions. Materials. 2013; 6(5):1903-1919.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Ziemnicka-Sylwester, Marta. 2013. "TiB2-Based Composites for Ultra-High-Temperature Devices, Fabricated by SHS, Combining Strong and Weak Exothermic Reactions." Materials 6, no. 5: 1903-1919.


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