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Materials 2013, 6(12), 5502-5516; doi:10.3390/ma6125502
Article

Influence of Experimental Parameters on Fatigue Crack Growth and Heat Build-Up in Rubber

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Received: 16 September 2013 / Revised: 13 November 2013 / Accepted: 20 November 2013 / Published: 27 November 2013
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Abstract

Loading parameters (frequency, amplitude ratio and waveform) are varied to determine their influence on fatigue crack growth in rubber. Up to three different rubber blends are investigated: one actual engineering material and two model materials. Fatigue crack growth curves and strain distributions of pure shear and faint waist pure shear samples are compared for a model material. Fatigue behavior is studied for three different frequencies (1 Hz, 3 Hz and 5 Hz). Amplitude ratio appears to be another important influence factor concerning fatigue crack growth in rubber. The beneficial effect of positive amplitude ratios (tensional loading conditions) is shown for different materials. However, fatigue crack growth is considerably increased for negative amplitude ratios (tensional-compressional loading conditions). Furthermore, the influence of the waveform is determined for three different waveform shapes. One is sinusoidal, and two have a square shape, including dwell periods and sinusoidal slopes. Special focus lies on heat build-up, which is substantial, especially for large loads, high frequencies and/or highly filled rubber blends. Plateau temperatures are determined for various loading conditions and rubber blends. A very simple linear relationship with dissipated energy per time and unit area is obtained. Results gathered with dynamic mechanical analyses show, likewise, a linear trend, but the heat build-up is very small, due to different sample geometries.
Keywords: fatigue; crack growth; rubber; sample geometry; influence factor; frequency; amplitude ratio; loading waveform; heat build-up fatigue; crack growth; rubber; sample geometry; influence factor; frequency; amplitude ratio; loading waveform; heat build-up
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Stadlbauer, F.; Koch, T.; Archodoulaki, V.-M.; Planitzer, F.; Fidi, W.; Holzner, A. Influence of Experimental Parameters on Fatigue Crack Growth and Heat Build-Up in Rubber. Materials 2013, 6, 5502-5516.

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