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Materials 2013, 6(10), 4574-4608; doi:10.3390/ma6104574
Review

The Current Status of Hydrogen Storage Alloy Development for Electrochemical Applications

*  and
BASF/Battery Materials-Ovonic, 2983 Waterview Drive, Rochester Hills, MI 48309, USA
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 30 August 2013 / Revised: 22 September 2013 / Accepted: 7 October 2013 / Published: 17 October 2013
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Hydrogen Storage Alloys)
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Abstract

In this review article, the fundamentals of electrochemical reactions involving metal hydrides are explained, followed by a report of recent progress in hydrogen storage alloys for electrochemical applications. The status of various alloy systems, including AB5, AB2, A2B7-type, Ti-Ni-based, Mg-Ni-based, BCC, and Zr-Ni-based metal hydride alloys, for their most important electrochemical application, the nickel metal hydride battery, is summarized. Other electrochemical applications, such as Ni-hydrogen, fuel cell, Li-ion battery, air-metal hydride, and hybrid battery systems, also have been mentioned.
Keywords: metal hydride; hydrogen storage alloy; NiMH battery; alkaline fuel cell; electrochemical reaction metal hydride; hydrogen storage alloy; NiMH battery; alkaline fuel cell; electrochemical reaction
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).
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Young, K.-H.; Nei, J. The Current Status of Hydrogen Storage Alloy Development for Electrochemical Applications. Materials 2013, 6, 4574-4608.

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