Materials 2012, 5(10), 1811-1825; doi:10.3390/ma5101811
Article

The Effect of a Small Amount of Water on the Structure and Electrochemical Properties of Solid-State Synthesized Polyaniline

Key Laboratory of Petroleum and Gas Fine Chemicals, Educational Ministry of China, College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Xinjiang University, Urumqi 830046, China
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 20 July 2012; in revised form: 20 September 2012 / Accepted: 26 September 2012 / Published: 10 October 2012
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Abstract: A series of polyaniline (PANI) salts were synthesized with the presence of a small amount of water varying from 0 to 1 mL at the beginning of solid-state polymerization. The structure and morphology of the samples were characterized by fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectra, ultraviolet-visible (UV-Vis) absorption spectra, X-ray diffraction (XRD) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The electrochemical performances of the products were investigated by galvanostatic charge-discharge, cyclic voltammetry, cycling stability and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS). The results showed that the amounts of water can affect the oxidation degree, conjugate level and crystallinity of PANI salts. All PANI salts showed spherical morphology with the diameter of about 60 nm as shown by TEM. The electrochemical tests showed the highest specific capacitance value 593.3 F.g−1 in 1 M H2SO4 for PANI prepared with the addition of 0.5 mL of water at the beginning of solid-state polymerization.
Keywords: conducting polymers; solid-state polymerization; structure-property relations; polyaniline

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MDPI and ACS Style

Shao, W.; Jamal, R.; Xu, F.; Ubul, A.; Abdiryim, T. The Effect of a Small Amount of Water on the Structure and Electrochemical Properties of Solid-State Synthesized Polyaniline. Materials 2012, 5, 1811-1825.

AMA Style

Shao W, Jamal R, Xu F, Ubul A, Abdiryim T. The Effect of a Small Amount of Water on the Structure and Electrochemical Properties of Solid-State Synthesized Polyaniline. Materials. 2012; 5(10):1811-1825.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Shao, Weiwei; Jamal, Ruxangul; Xu, Feng; Ubul, Aminam; Abdiryim, Tursun. 2012. "The Effect of a Small Amount of Water on the Structure and Electrochemical Properties of Solid-State Synthesized Polyaniline." Materials 5, no. 10: 1811-1825.

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