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On Structure and Properties of Amorphous Materials
Research School of Engineering, College of Engineering and Information Technology, Australian National University, Ellery Crescent, Acton ACT 2601, Australia
Received: 15 July 2011; in revised form: 20 August 2011 / Accepted: 6 September 2011 / Published: 15 September 2011
Abstract: Mechanical, optical, magnetic and electronic properties of amorphous materials hold great promise towards current and emergent technologies. We distinguish at least four categories of amorphous (glassy) materials: (i) metallic; (ii) thin films; (iii) organic and inorganic thermoplastics; and (iv) amorphous permanent networks. Some fundamental questions about the atomic arrangements remain unresolved. This paper focuses on the models of atomic arrangements in amorphous materials. The earliest ideas of Bernal on the structure of liquids were followed by experiments and computer models for the packing of spheres. Modern approach is to carry out computer simulations with prediction that can be tested by experiments. A geometrical concept of an ideal amorphous solid is presented as a novel contribution to the understanding of atomic arrangements in amorphous solids.
Keywords: classification of amorphous solids; atomic clusters; crystallisation; vitrification; glass transition; density fluctuations; ideal amorphous solid model
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Cite This Article
MDPI and ACS Style
Stachurski, Z.H. On Structure and Properties of Amorphous Materials. Materials 2011, 4, 1564-1598.
Stachurski ZH. On Structure and Properties of Amorphous Materials. Materials. 2011; 4(9):1564-1598.
Stachurski, Zbigniew H. 2011. "On Structure and Properties of Amorphous Materials." Materials 4, no. 9: 1564-1598.