Next Article in Journal
Previous Article in Journal
Previous Article in Special Issue
Materials 2011, 4(9), 1564-1598; doi:10.3390/ma4091564
Review

On Structure and Properties of Amorphous Materials

Received: 15 July 2011; in revised form: 20 August 2011 / Accepted: 6 September 2011 / Published: 15 September 2011
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Amorphous Alloys)
Download PDF [3626 KB, uploaded 15 September 2011]
Abstract: Mechanical, optical, magnetic and electronic properties of amorphous materials hold great promise towards current and emergent technologies. We distinguish at least four categories of amorphous (glassy) materials: (i) metallic; (ii) thin films; (iii) organic and inorganic thermoplastics; and (iv) amorphous permanent networks. Some fundamental questions about the atomic arrangements remain unresolved. This paper focuses on the models of atomic arrangements in amorphous materials. The earliest ideas of Bernal on the structure of liquids were followed by experiments and computer models for the packing of spheres. Modern approach is to carry out computer simulations with prediction that can be tested by experiments. A geometrical concept of an ideal amorphous solid is presented as a novel contribution to the understanding of atomic arrangements in amorphous solids.
Keywords: classification of amorphous solids; atomic clusters; crystallisation; vitrification; glass transition; density fluctuations; ideal amorphous solid model classification of amorphous solids; atomic clusters; crystallisation; vitrification; glass transition; density fluctuations; ideal amorphous solid model
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Export to BibTeX |
EndNote


MDPI and ACS Style

Stachurski, Z.H. On Structure and Properties of Amorphous Materials. Materials 2011, 4, 1564-1598.

AMA Style

Stachurski ZH. On Structure and Properties of Amorphous Materials. Materials. 2011; 4(9):1564-1598.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Stachurski, Zbigniew H. 2011. "On Structure and Properties of Amorphous Materials." Materials 4, no. 9: 1564-1598.


Materials EISSN 1996-1944 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert