Materials 2011, 4(10), 1793-1804; doi:10.3390/ma4101793
Review

Mesenchymal Stem Cells in Combination with Scaffolds for Bone Tissue Engineering

1 Division of Orthodontics, American University of Beirut, P.O.Box 11-0236, Riad El-Solh, Beirut 1107-2020, Lebanon 2 Department of Anatomy, Cell Biology and Physiological Sciences, Faculty of Medecine, American University of Beirut, P.O.Box 11-0236, Riad El-Solh, Beirut 1107-2020, Lebanon
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 27 July 2011; Accepted: 16 August 2011 / Published: 11 October 2011
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Orthopaedic Biomaterials)
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Abstract: This article reviews past and current strategies of the use of bone graft substitutes along with the future biologic alternatives that can enhance the functional capabilities of those grafts. Many of these bone graft substitute alternatives include ceramic-based, allograft-based, factor-based and polymer-based whereas others are cell-based. The ways of achieving the goal of tissue engineering using stem cells and their lineage to regenerate tissue have been detailed with regard to both the generation of sufficient vascular invasion of the tissue to improve oxygen and nutrient supply, and the development of innovative physical/chemical stimuli to induce bone formation with the proper biomaterial to carry the cells. It is imperative to integrate basic polymer science with molecular biology and stem cell biology, in the design of new materials that perform very sophisticated signaling needed for integration and function.
Keywords: stem cells; bone grafts; biomaterial; tissue engineering

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MDPI and ACS Style

Nassif, L.; El Sabban, M. Mesenchymal Stem Cells in Combination with Scaffolds for Bone Tissue Engineering. Materials 2011, 4, 1793-1804.

AMA Style

Nassif L, El Sabban M. Mesenchymal Stem Cells in Combination with Scaffolds for Bone Tissue Engineering. Materials. 2011; 4(10):1793-1804.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Nassif, Laeticia; El Sabban, Marwan. 2011. "Mesenchymal Stem Cells in Combination with Scaffolds for Bone Tissue Engineering." Materials 4, no. 10: 1793-1804.

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