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Materials 2010, 3(9), 4580-4606; doi:10.3390/ma3094580
Review

The Utility of Nanocomposites in Fire Retardancy

1,* , 1
 and
2,*
1 Key Laboratory of New Processing Technology for Nonferrous Metals and materials, Ministry of Education, Guilin University of Technology, Guilin 541004, China 2 Department of Chemistry and Fire Retardant Research Facility, Marquette University, Milwaukee, WI 53201, USA
* Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 21 June 2010 / Revised: 27 July 2010 / Accepted: 31 August 2010 / Published: 3 September 2010
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Flame Retardants)
Download PDF [832 KB, uploaded 9 September 2010]

Abstract

Nanocomposites have been shown to significantly reduce the peak heat release rate, as measured by cone calorimetry, for many polymers but they typically have no effect on the oxygen index or the UL-94 classification. In this review, we will cover what is known about the processes by which nanocomposite formation may bring this about. Montmorillonite will be the focus in this paper but attention will also be devoted to other materials, including carbon nanotubes and layered double hydroxides. A second section will be devoted to combinations of nanocomposite formation with conventional (and unconventional) fire retardants. The paper will conclude with a section attempting to forecast the future.
Keywords: fire retardancy; nanocomposites; clays fire retardancy; nanocomposites; clays
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Wang, L.; He, X.; Wilkie, C.A. The Utility of Nanocomposites in Fire Retardancy. Materials 2010, 3, 4580-4606.

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