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Persistent Luminescence in Eu2+-Doped Compounds: A Review
Lumilab, Department of Solid State Sciences, Ghent University, Krijgslaan 281S1, 9000 Gent, Belgium
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 17 January 2001; in revised form: 27 March 2010 / Accepted: 30 March 2010 / Published: 6 April 2010
Abstract: In 1996, Matsuzawa et al. reported on the extremely long-lasting afterglow of SrAl2O4:Eu2+ codoped with Dy3+ ions, which was more than 10-times brighter than the previously widely used ZnS:Cu,Co. Since then, research for stable and efficient persistent phosphors has continuously gained popularity. However, even today - almost 15 years after the discovery of SrAl2O4:Eu2+, Dy3+ - the number of persistent luminescent materials is still relatively low. Furthermore, the mechanism behind this phenomenon is still unclear. Although most authors agree on the general features, such as the existence of long-lived trap levels, many details are still shrouded in mystery. In this review, we present an overview of the important classes of known persistent luminescent materials based on Eu2+-emission and how they were prepared, and we take a closer look at the models and mechanisms that have been suggested to explain bright afterglow in various compounds.
Keywords: persistent luminescence; europium; thermoluminescence
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Van den Eeckhout, K.; Smet, P.F.; Poelman, D. Persistent Luminescence in Eu2+-Doped Compounds: A Review. Materials 2010, 3, 2536-2566.
Van den Eeckhout K, Smet PF, Poelman D. Persistent Luminescence in Eu2+-Doped Compounds: A Review. Materials. 2010; 3(4):2536-2566.
Van den Eeckhout, Koen; Smet, Philippe F.; Poelman, Dirk. 2010. "Persistent Luminescence in Eu2+-Doped Compounds: A Review." Materials 3, no. 4: 2536-2566.