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Materials 2010, 3(3), 2141-2171; doi:10.3390/ma3032141
Review

Nitrogen Doped Carbon Nanotubes from Organometallic Compounds: A Review

 and *
Received: 11 February 2010; in revised form: 1 March 2010 / Accepted: 15 March 2010 / Published: 22 March 2010
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Organometallic Compounds)
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Abstract: Nitrogen doped carbon nanotubes (N-CNTs) have become a topic of increased importance in the study of carbonaceous materials. This arises from the physical and chemical properties that are created when N is embedded in a CNT. These properties include modified chemical reactivity and modified conductivity and mechanical properties. A range of methodologies have been devised to synthesize N-CNTs. One of the procedures uses a floating catalyst in which an organometallic complex is decomposed in the gas phase in the presence of a nitrogen containing reactant to give N-CNTs. Most studies have been limited to ferrocene, ring substituted ferrocene and Fe(CO)5. This review covers the synthesis (and properties) of N-CNTs and other shaped carbon nanomaterials (SCNMs) produced using organometallic complexes. It summarizes the effects that physical parameters such as temperature, pressure, gas flow rates, type and concentration of N source etc. have on the N-CNT type, size and yields as well as the nitrogen content incorporated into the tubes that are produced from organometallic complexes. Proposed growth models for N-CNT synthesis are also reported.
Keywords: nitrogen doped carbon nanotubes; shaped carbon nanomaterials; bamboo compartments; organometallic complexes; ferrocene; heteroatoms nitrogen doped carbon nanotubes; shaped carbon nanomaterials; bamboo compartments; organometallic complexes; ferrocene; heteroatoms
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Nxumalo, E.N.; Coville, N.J. Nitrogen Doped Carbon Nanotubes from Organometallic Compounds: A Review. Materials 2010, 3, 2141-2171.

AMA Style

Nxumalo EN, Coville NJ. Nitrogen Doped Carbon Nanotubes from Organometallic Compounds: A Review. Materials. 2010; 3(3):2141-2171.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Nxumalo, Edward N.; Coville, Neil J. 2010. "Nitrogen Doped Carbon Nanotubes from Organometallic Compounds: A Review." Materials 3, no. 3: 2141-2171.


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