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End-Grafted Polymer Chains onto Inorganic Nano-Objects
Institute of Electronic Structure and Laser, Foundation for Research and Technology–Hellas, P. O. Box 1527, 711 10 Heraklion, Crete, Greece
Department of Materials Science and Technology, University of Crete, P. O. Box 2208, 710 03 Heraklion, Crete, Greece
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 20 January 2010 / Accepted: 11 March 2010 / Published: 18 March 2010
Abstract: Organic/inorganic nanohybrid materials have attracted particular scientific and technological interest because they combine the properties of the organic and the inorganic component. Inorganic nanoparticles exhibit interesting electrical, optical, magnetic and/or catalytic properties, which are related with their nano-scale dimensions. However, their high surface-to-volume ratio often induces agglomeration and leads to the loss of their attractive properties. Surface modification of the inorganic nano-objects with physically or chemically end-tethered polymer chains has been employed to overcome this problem. Covalent tethered polymer chains are realized by three different approaches: the “grafting to”, the “grafting from” and the “grafting through” method. This article reviews the synthesis of end-grafted polymer chains onto inorganic nanoparticles using “controlled/living” polymerization techniques, which allow control over the polymer characteristics and the grafting density of the end-tethered polymer chains.
Keywords: nanohybrids; core-shell nanoparticles; end-grafted polymers
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Cite This Article
MDPI and ACS Style
Achilleos, D.S.; Vamvakaki, M. End-Grafted Polymer Chains onto Inorganic Nano-Objects. Materials 2010, 3, 1981-2026.
Achilleos DS, Vamvakaki M. End-Grafted Polymer Chains onto Inorganic Nano-Objects. Materials. 2010; 3(3):1981-2026.
Achilleos, Demetra S.; Vamvakaki, Maria. 2010. "End-Grafted Polymer Chains onto Inorganic Nano-Objects." Materials 3, no. 3: 1981-2026.