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Materials 2010, 3(2), 1478-1496; doi:10.3390/ma3021478

Electrically and Thermally Conducting Nanocomposites for Electronic Applications

Jr. 1,* , 2
Received: 10 January 2010 / Revised: 24 February 2010 / Accepted: 24 February 2010 / Published: 25 February 2010
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Composite Materials)
Download PDF [512 KB, uploaded 25 February 2010]


Nanocomposites made up of polymer matrices and carbon nanotubes are a class of advanced materials with great application potential in electronics packaging. Nanocomposites with carbon nanotubes as fillers have been designed with the aim of exploiting the high thermal, electrical and mechanical properties characteristic of carbon nanotubes. Heat dissipation in electronic devices requires interface materials with high thermal conductivity. Here, current developments and challenges in the application of nanotubes as fillers in polymer matrices are explored. The blending together of nanotubes and polymers result in what are known as nanocomposites. Among the most pressing current issues related to nanocomposite fabrication are (i) dispersion of carbon nanotubes in the polymer host, (ii) carbon nanotube-polymer interaction and the nature of the interface, and (iii) alignment of carbon nanotubes in a polymer matrix. These issues are believed to be directly related to the electrical and thermal performance of nanocomposites. The recent progress in the fabrication of nanocomposites with carbon nanotubes as fillers and their potential application in electronics packaging as thermal interface materials is also reported.
Keywords: nanocomposites; nanotubes; electrical conductivity; thermal conductivity; percolation threshold nanocomposites; nanotubes; electrical conductivity; thermal conductivity; percolation threshold
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Jones, W.E., Jr.; Chiguma, J.; Johnson, E.; Pachamuthu, A.; Santos, D. Electrically and Thermally Conducting Nanocomposites for Electronic Applications. Materials 2010, 3, 1478-1496.

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