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Scaffold Sheet Design Strategy for Soft Tissue Engineering†
Department of Bioengineering, University of Texas at Arlington, 501 West First Street, Arlington, TX 76019, USA
† Joint Biomedical Engineering Program between the University of Texas at Arlington and University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX 75390, USA.
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 30 January 2010; Accepted: 22 February 2010 / Published: 24 February 2010
Abstract: Creating heterogeneous tissue constructs with an even cell distribution and robust mechanical strength remain important challenges to the success of in vivo tissue engineering. To address these issues, we are developing a scaffold sheet tissue engineering strategy consisting of thin (~200 μm), strong, elastic, and porous crosslinked urethane- doped polyester (CUPE) scaffold sheets that are bonded together chemically or through cell culture. Suture retention of the tissue constructs (four sheets) fabricated by the scaffold sheet tissue engineering strategy is close to the surgical requirement (1.8 N) rendering their potential for immediate implantation without a need for long cell culture times. Cell culture results using 3T3 fibroblasts show that the scaffold sheets are bonded into a tissue construct via the extracellular matrix produced by the cells after 2 weeks of in vitro cell culture.
Keywords: biodegradable; elastomer; 3D tissue construction; scaffold sheet; in vivo tissue engineering
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Cite This Article
MDPI and ACS Style
Tran, R.T.; Thevenot, P.; Zhang, Y.; Gyawali, D.; Tang, L.; Yang, J. Scaffold Sheet Design Strategy for Soft Tissue Engineering. Materials 2010, 3, 1375-1389.
Tran RT, Thevenot P, Zhang Y, Gyawali D, Tang L, Yang J. Scaffold Sheet Design Strategy for Soft Tissue Engineering. Materials. 2010; 3(2):1375-1389.
Tran, Richard T.; Thevenot, Paul; Zhang, Yi; Gyawali, Dipendra; Tang, Liping; Yang, Jian. 2010. "Scaffold Sheet Design Strategy for Soft Tissue Engineering." Materials 3, no. 2: 1375-1389.