Materials 2009, 2(2), 613-635; doi:10.3390/ma2020613
Review

Applications and Degradation of Proteins Used as Tissue Engineering Materials

Received: 7 February 2009; in revised form: 21 April 2009 / Accepted: 22 May 2009 / Published: 26 May 2009
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Biocompatibility of Materials)
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract: This article provides an up-to-date review on the applications of natural polymers, i.e., proteins, as materials for tissue engineering. Proteins are one of the important candidates for tissue engineering materials based on their superior biocompatibility, biodegradation, bioresorbability, and so on. However, their inferior mechanical properties limit their broad application. Currently-available proteins for application in tissue engineering or drug delivery systems, such as fibrin, collagen, zein, silk fibroin, keratin, casein and albumin, and the biodegradation of tissue-engineered substitutes based on proteins are presented. Techniques of scaffold fabrication are also mentioned. Problems and future possibilities for development of protein-based tissue-engineered substitutes are also introduced in this review.
Keywords: proteins; tissue engineering; biodegradation
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MDPI and ACS Style

Wang, H.-J.; Di, L.; Ren, Q.-S.; Wang, J.-Y. Applications and Degradation of Proteins Used as Tissue Engineering Materials. Materials 2009, 2, 613-635.

AMA Style

Wang H-J, Di L, Ren Q-S, Wang J-Y. Applications and Degradation of Proteins Used as Tissue Engineering Materials. Materials. 2009; 2(2):613-635.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Wang, Hua-Jie; Di, Ling; Ren, Qiu-Shi; Wang, Jin-Ye. 2009. "Applications and Degradation of Proteins Used as Tissue Engineering Materials." Materials 2, no. 2: 613-635.

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