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Materials 2018, 11(9), 1655; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma11091655

Preparation of Highly Catalytic N-Doped Carbon Dots and Their Application in SERS Sulfate Sensing

1,2,3
,
1,2,3
,
1,* and 1,2,3,*
1
School of Food and Bioengineering, Hezhou University, Hezhou 542899, China
2
Key Laboratory of Ecology of Rare and Endangered Species and Environmental Protection (Guangxi Normal University), Ministry of Education, Guilin 541004, China
3
Guangxi Key Laboratory of Environmental Pollution Control Theory and Technology, Guilin 541004, China
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 10 August 2018 / Revised: 3 September 2018 / Accepted: 3 September 2018 / Published: 7 September 2018
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Abstract

Carbon dots (CD) have excellent stability and fluorescence activity, and have been widely used in fluorescence methods. However, there are no reports about using CD as catalysts to amplify SERS signals to detect trace sulfate. Thus, preparing CD catalysts and their application in SERS sulfate-sensing are significant. In this article, highly catalytic N-doped carbon dots (CDN) were prepared by a hydrothermal procedure. CDN exhibited strong catalysis of the gold nanoparticle (AuNP) reaction between HAuCl4 and H2O2. Vitoria blue 4R (VB4R) has a strong SERS peak at 1614 cm−1 in the formed AuNP sol substrate. When Ba2+ ions were added, they were adsorbed on a CDN surface to inhibit the CDN catalytic activity that caused the SERS peak decreasing. Upon addition of analyte SO42−, a reaction with Ba2+ produced stable BaSO4 precipitate and CDN, and its catalysis recovered to cause SERS intensity increasing linearly. Thus, an SERS method was developed for the detection of 0.02–1.7 μmol/L SO42−, with a detection limit of 0.007 μmol/L. View Full-Text
Keywords: N-doped carbon dots; catalysis; gold nanoreaction; SERS N-doped carbon dots; catalysis; gold nanoreaction; SERS
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Wang, L.; Li, C.; Luo, Y.; Jiang, Z. Preparation of Highly Catalytic N-Doped Carbon Dots and Their Application in SERS Sulfate Sensing. Materials 2018, 11, 1655.

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