Mechanical Characteristics of Hybrid Composites with ±45° Glass and 0°/90° Stainless Steel Fibers
AbstractLack of energy dissipation is one of the shortcomings of conventional glass fiber reinforced composites. The addition of steel fibers to the conventional FRP composite to create a hybrid composite has been recently investigated as an option to address this limitation. The current literature is limited to composites reinforced with metal and non-metal fibers of the same alignment. In this study, hybrid and nonhybrid FRP composites of different layups, fiber content, and weave type were manufactured and subjected to hysteretic tensile loads. Woven glass fabrics in ±45° orientation were hybridized with unidirectional stainless steel fabrics in 0° and 90° orientations. This put the glass and steel layers in in-plane shear and normal stresses, respectively. The nonlinear stress–strain relationship, residual plastic strains, energy dissipation capability, and failure mechanisms of hybrid and nonhybrid composite type were compared. The hybrid composites presented improved energy dissipation, tensile strength, and stiffness when compared to nonhybrid ones. The applicability of an existing constitutive model that was originally developed for in-plane shear of conventional composites was investigated and refinements were proposed to present the hysteretic stress–strain relationship after addition of steel fibers. The refined model captured the increased plastic strain values and energy dissipation because of stainless steel fibers in the hybrid composite samples. An Armstrong–Frederick plasticity model was implemented to model the stress–strain relationship of the stainless steel composite samples. View Full-Text
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O′Brien, C.; Zaghi, A.E. Mechanical Characteristics of Hybrid Composites with ±45° Glass and 0°/90° Stainless Steel Fibers. Materials 2018, 11, 1355.
O′Brien C, Zaghi AE. Mechanical Characteristics of Hybrid Composites with ±45° Glass and 0°/90° Stainless Steel Fibers. Materials. 2018; 11(8):1355.Chicago/Turabian Style
O′Brien, Caitlin; Zaghi, Arash E. 2018. "Mechanical Characteristics of Hybrid Composites with ±45° Glass and 0°/90° Stainless Steel Fibers." Materials 11, no. 8: 1355.
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