Magnetic Characterization of Direct-Write Free-Form Building Blocks for Artificial Magnetic 3D Lattices
AbstractThree-dimensional (3D) nanomagnetism, where spin configurations extend into the vertical direction of a substrate plane allow for more complex, hierarchical systems and the design of novel magnetic effects. As an important step towards this goal, we have recently demonstrated the direct-write fabrication of freestanding ferromagnetic 3D nano-architectures of ferromagnetic CoFe in shapes of nano-tree and nano-cube structures by means of focused electron beam induced deposition. Here, we present a comprehensive characterization of the magnetic properties of these structures by local stray-field measurements using a high-resolution micro-Hall magnetometer. Measurements in a wide range of temperatures and different angles of the externally applied magnetic field with respect to the surface plane of the sensor are supported by corresponding micromagnetic simulations, which explain the overall switching behavior of in part rather complex magnetization configurations remarkably well. In particular, the simulations yield coercive and switching fields that are in good quantitative correspondence with the measured coercive and switching fields assuming a bulk metal content of 100 at % consisting of bcc Co
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Al Mamoori, M.K.I.; Keller, L.; Pieper, J.; Barth, S.; Winkler, R.; Plank, H.; Müller, J.; Huth, M. Magnetic Characterization of Direct-Write Free-Form Building Blocks for Artificial Magnetic 3D Lattices. Materials 2018, 11, 289.
Al Mamoori MKI, Keller L, Pieper J, Barth S, Winkler R, Plank H, Müller J, Huth M. Magnetic Characterization of Direct-Write Free-Form Building Blocks for Artificial Magnetic 3D Lattices. Materials. 2018; 11(2):289.Chicago/Turabian Style
Al Mamoori, Mohanad K.I.; Keller, Lukas; Pieper, Jonathan; Barth, Sven; Winkler, Robert; Plank, Harald; Müller, Jens; Huth, Michael. 2018. "Magnetic Characterization of Direct-Write Free-Form Building Blocks for Artificial Magnetic 3D Lattices." Materials 11, no. 2: 289.
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