Preparation of Luminescent Metal-Organic Framework Films by Soft-Imprinting for 2,4-Dinitrotoluene Sensing
AbstractA novel technique for the creation of metal-organic framework (MOF) films based on soft-imprinting and their use as gas sensors was developed. The microporous MOF material [Zn2(bpdc)2(bpee)] (bpdc = 4,4′-biphenyldicarboxylate; bpee = 1,2-bipyridylethene) was synthesized solvothermally and activated by removing the occluded solvent molecules from its inner channels. MOF particles were characterized by powder X-ray diffraction and fluorescence spectroscopy, showing high crystallinity and intense photoluminescence. Scanning electron microscope images revealed that MOF crystals were mainly in the form of microneedles with a high surface-to-volume ratio, which together with the high porosity of the material enhances its interaction with gas molecules. MOF crystals were soft-imprinted into cellulose acetate (CA) films on quartz at different pressures. Atomic force microscope images of soft-imprinted films showed that MOF crystals were partially embedded into the CA. With this procedure, mechanically stable films were created, with crystals protruding from the CA surface and therefore available for incoming gas molecules. The sensing properties of the films were assessed by exposing them to saturated atmospheres of 2,4-dinitrotoluene, which resulted in a substantial quenching of the fluorescence after few seconds. The soft-imprinted MOF films on CA/quartz exhibit good sensing capabilities for the detection of nitroaromatics, which was attributed to the MOF sensitivity and to the novel and more efficient film processing method based on soft-imprinting. View Full-Text
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Roales, J.; Moscoso, F.G.; Gámez, F.; Lopes-Costa, T.; Sousaraei, A.; Casado, S.; Castro-Smirnov, J.R.; Cabanillas-Gonzalez, J.; Almeida, J.; Queirós, C.; Cunha-Silva, L.; Silva, A.M.G.; Pedrosa, J.M. Preparation of Luminescent Metal-Organic Framework Films by Soft-Imprinting for 2,4-Dinitrotoluene Sensing. Materials 2017, 10, 992.
Roales J, Moscoso FG, Gámez F, Lopes-Costa T, Sousaraei A, Casado S, Castro-Smirnov JR, Cabanillas-Gonzalez J, Almeida J, Queirós C, Cunha-Silva L, Silva AMG, Pedrosa JM. Preparation of Luminescent Metal-Organic Framework Films by Soft-Imprinting for 2,4-Dinitrotoluene Sensing. Materials. 2017; 10(9):992.Chicago/Turabian Style
Roales, Javier; Moscoso, Francisco G.; Gámez, Francisco; Lopes-Costa, Tânia; Sousaraei, Ahmad; Casado, Santiago; Castro-Smirnov, Jose R.; Cabanillas-Gonzalez, Juan; Almeida, José; Queirós, Carla; Cunha-Silva, Luís; Silva, Ana M.G.; Pedrosa, José M. 2017. "Preparation of Luminescent Metal-Organic Framework Films by Soft-Imprinting for 2,4-Dinitrotoluene Sensing." Materials 10, no. 9: 992.
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