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Materials 2017, 10(9), 1093; doi:10.3390/ma10091093

Large Electrocaloric Effect in Lead-Free (Ba0.85Ca0.15)(Zr0.1Ti0.9)O3 Ceramics Prepared via Citrate Route

School of Materials Science and Engineering, Jiangsu Collaborative Innovation Center of Photovolatic Science and Engineering, Jiangsu Province Cultivation Base for State Key Laboratory of Photovoltaic Science and Technology, National Experimental Demonstration Center for Materials Science and Engineering, Changzhou University, Changzhou 213164, China
Institute of Electronic and Electrical, Changzhou College of Information Technology, Changzhou 213164, China
School of Materials Science and Engineering, Tongji University, Shanghai 201804, China
School of Material Science and Engineering, Jiangsu University, Zhenjiang 212013, China
Key Laboratory of Inorganic Function Material and Device, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 201800, China
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 6 August 2017 / Revised: 7 September 2017 / Accepted: 8 September 2017 / Published: 18 September 2017
(This article belongs to the Section Energy Materials)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [1562 KB, uploaded 18 September 2017]   |  


The 1 wt % Li-doped (Ba0.85Ca0.15)(Zr0.1Ti0.9)O3 (BCZT-Li) ceramics prepared by the citrate method exhibit improved phase purity, densification and electrical properties, which provide prospective possibility to develop high-performance electrocaloric materials. The electrocaloric effect was evaluated by phenomenological method, and the BCZT-Li ceramics present large electrocaloric temperature change ∆T, especially large electrocaloric responsibility ξ = ∆Tmax/∆Emax, which can be comparable to the largest values reported in the lead-free piezoelectric ceramics. The excellent electrocaloric effect is considered as correlating with the coexistence of polymorphic ferroelectric phases, which are detected by the Raman spectroscopy. The large ξ value accompanied by decreased Curie temperature (around 73 °C) of the BCZT-Li ceramics prepared by the citrate method presents potential applications as the next-generation solid-state cooling devices. View Full-Text
Keywords: lead-free BCZT piezoceramics; citrate method; electrocaloric effect; Raman spectroscopy lead-free BCZT piezoceramics; citrate method; electrocaloric effect; Raman spectroscopy

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Shi, J.; Zhu, R.; Liu, X.; Fang, B.; Yuan, N.; Ding, J.; Luo, H. Large Electrocaloric Effect in Lead-Free (Ba0.85Ca0.15)(Zr0.1Ti0.9)O3 Ceramics Prepared via Citrate Route. Materials 2017, 10, 1093.

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