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Materials 2017, 10(9), 1025; doi:10.3390/ma10091025

Level of Theory and Solvent Effects on DASA Absorption Properties Prediction: Comparing TD-DFT, CASPT2 and NEVPT2

1
Laboratoire Modélisation et Simulation Multi Echelle, Université Paris-Est, MSME, UMR 8208 CNRS, UPEM, 5 bd Descartes, 77454 Marne-la-Vallée, France
2
Théorie-Modélisation-Simulation, Université de Lorraine—Nancy, SRSMC Boulevard des Aiguillettes, 54506 Vandoeuvre-lès-Nancy, France
3
Théorie-Modélisation-Simulation, CNRS, SRSMC Boulevard des Aiguillettes, 54506 Vandoeuvre-lès-Nancy, France
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 29 July 2017 / Revised: 26 August 2017 / Accepted: 1 September 2017 / Published: 3 September 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Photoswitchable Materials)
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Abstract

Donor–acceptor Stenhouse adducts (DASAs) are a very recent class of organic photoswitches that combine excellent properties, such as color and polarity change, a large structural modification, and excellent fatigue resistance. Despite their potential applications in different fields, very few studies have focused on rationalizing their electronic structure properties. Here, by means of different state-of-the-art theoretical methods, including solvent and vibrational effects, we show that while time dependent-density functional theory (TD-DFT) can qualitatively describe DASAs’ excited states, multiconfigurational quantum chemistry methods along with dynamic electron correlation (CASPT2, NEVPT2) are required for a quantitative agreement with the experiment. This finding is reasoned based on the different charge transfer characteristics observed. Moreover, the TD-DFT computed two-photon absorption properties are reported and suggested to red-shift the absorption band, as required for biological applications. View Full-Text
Keywords: organic photoswitch; photochromic molecule; electronic absorption; two-photon absorption; molecular dynamics; density functional theory; multiconfiguration quantum chemistry methods organic photoswitch; photochromic molecule; electronic absorption; two-photon absorption; molecular dynamics; density functional theory; multiconfiguration quantum chemistry methods
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García-Iriepa, C.; Marazzi, M. Level of Theory and Solvent Effects on DASA Absorption Properties Prediction: Comparing TD-DFT, CASPT2 and NEVPT2. Materials 2017, 10, 1025.

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