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Materials 2017, 10(7), 721; doi:10.3390/ma10070721

Effect of Nanosized NbC Precipitates on Hydrogen Diffusion in X80 Pipeline Steel

Corrosion and Protection Center, University of Science and Technology Beijing, Beijing 100083, China
Ningbo Institute of Material Technology & Engineering, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Ningbo 315201, China
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: U.B. DEMIRCI
Received: 7 April 2017 / Revised: 21 June 2017 / Accepted: 21 June 2017 / Published: 28 June 2017
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In this paper, the effects of dispersed 3~10 nm NbC precipitates on hydrogen diffusion in X80 pipeline steel were investigated by means of high resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM), electrochemical hydrogen permeation, and thermal desorption spectroscopy (TDS). The relationship between hydrogen diffusion and temperature was determined for Nb-free X80 and 0.055 wt% Nb X80 steel. The temperature dividing reversible and irreversible traps was measured, and the quantity of hydrogen captured by different traps was calculated. Three types of hydrogen trap were designed and applied in the test, and the results revealed that irreversible hydrogen traps formed by nanosized and coherent NbC precipitates markedly hindered hydrogen diffusion, and prolonged breakthrough time in Nb-bearing X80 steel. View Full-Text
Keywords: NbC precipitate; hydrogen permeation; apparent diffusion coefficient; hydrogen traps NbC precipitate; hydrogen permeation; apparent diffusion coefficient; hydrogen traps

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Cui, Q.; Wu, J.; Xie, D.; Wu, X.; Huang, Y.; Li, X. Effect of Nanosized NbC Precipitates on Hydrogen Diffusion in X80 Pipeline Steel. Materials 2017, 10, 721.

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