Ageing, Shocks and Wear Mechanisms in ZTA and the Long-Term Performance of Hip Joint Materials
AbstractThe surface morphologies and microstructures of Zirconia Toughened Alumina (ZTA) femoral heads were analyzed following in vitro tests aiming to simulate in vivo degradation. Three phenomena potentially leading to degradation were investigated: shocks, friction and hydrothermal ageing. Shocks due to micro-separation created the main damage with the formation of wear stripes on the femoral head surfaces. Atomic Force Microscopy (AFM) images suggested the release of wear debris of various shapes and sizes through inter- and intra-granular cracks; some debris may have a size lower than 100 nm. A decrease in hardness and Young’s modulus was measured within the wear stripes by nanoindentation technique and was attributed to the presence of surface and sub-surface micro-cracks. Such micro-cracks mechanically triggered the zirconia phase transformation in those worn areas, which in return presumably reduced further crack propagation. In comparison with shocks, friction caused little wear degradation as observed from AFM images by scarce pullout of grains. The long-term resistance of the ZTA composite material against hydrothermal ageing is confirmed by the present observations. View Full-Text
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Perrichon, A.; Liu, B.H.; Chevalier, J.; Gremillard, L.; Reynard, B.; Farizon, F.; Liao, J.-D.; Geringer, J. Ageing, Shocks and Wear Mechanisms in ZTA and the Long-Term Performance of Hip Joint Materials. Materials 2017, 10, 569.
Perrichon A, Liu BH, Chevalier J, Gremillard L, Reynard B, Farizon F, Liao J-D, Geringer J. Ageing, Shocks and Wear Mechanisms in ZTA and the Long-Term Performance of Hip Joint Materials. Materials. 2017; 10(6):569.Chicago/Turabian Style
Perrichon, Armelle; Liu, Bernard H.; Chevalier, Jérôme; Gremillard, Laurent; Reynard, Bruno; Farizon, Frédéric; Liao, Jiunn-Der; Geringer, Jean. 2017. "Ageing, Shocks and Wear Mechanisms in ZTA and the Long-Term Performance of Hip Joint Materials." Materials 10, no. 6: 569.
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