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Materials 2017, 10(6), 567; doi:10.3390/ma10060567

Improvement in Char Strength with an Open Cage Silsesquioxane Flame Retardant

Instituto Universitario de Tecnología Cerámica, Universitat Jaume I, 12006 Castellón, Spain
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Academic Editor: Thomas Fiedler
Received: 27 April 2017 / Revised: 15 May 2017 / Accepted: 18 May 2017 / Published: 23 May 2017
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Abstract

Different characterization techniques were used to study the hydrolysis and condensation reaction kinetics of 3-methacryloxypropyltrimethoxysilane (MAPTMS) to obtain open cage silsesquioxane oligomers. The formation of hydrogen bonds, which condition the chemical structures of the resulting products, was identified. Improved thermal and fire resistant behavior of unsaturated polyester (UP) composites prepared with aluminium trihydroxide (ATH) and the synthesized oligomer were registered. Opened silsesquioxane structures also showed an improvement in the mechanical properties of the char formed after firing. View Full-Text
Keywords: 3-methacryloxypropyltrimethoxysilane (MAPTMS); open silsesquioxane; hydrogen bond; fire retardance; thermal degradation 3-methacryloxypropyltrimethoxysilane (MAPTMS); open silsesquioxane; hydrogen bond; fire retardance; thermal degradation
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Bautista, Y.; Gozalbo, A.; Mestre, S.; Sanz, V. Improvement in Char Strength with an Open Cage Silsesquioxane Flame Retardant. Materials 2017, 10, 567.

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