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Materials 2017, 10(10), 1158; doi:10.3390/ma10101158

Biomass Derived Nitrogen-Doped Highly Porous Carbon Material with a Hierarchical Porous Structure for High-Performance Lithium/Sulfur Batteries

1
School of Materials Science & Engineering, Research Institute for Energy Equipment Materials, Tianjin Key Laboratory of Materials Laminating Fabrication and Interface Control Technology, Hebei University of Technology, Tianjin 300130, China
2
Synergy Innovation Institute of GDUT, Heyuan 517000, China
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 23 June 2017 / Revised: 24 September 2017 / Accepted: 24 September 2017 / Published: 6 October 2017
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Abstract

A novel nitrogen doped mesoporous carbon (NMPC) with a hierarchical porous structure is prepared by simple carbonizing the green algae, which is applied as a host material to encapsulate sulfur for lithium/sulfur (Li/S) battery. The NMPC exhibits high pore volume as well as large specific surface area, and thus sulfur content in the S/NMPC composite reaches up to 63 wt %. When tested in a Li/S battery, the S/NMPC composite yields a high initial capacity of 1327 mAh·g−1 as well as 757 mAh·g−1 after 100 cycles at a current rate of 0.1 C, a reversible capacity of 642 was achieved even at 1 C. This good electrochemical performance of the S/NMPC composite could be attributed to a unique combination of mesopority and surface chemistry, allowing for the retention of the intermediate polysuflides within the carbon framework. View Full-Text
Keywords: nitrogen-doped; mesoporous; layered structure; hierarchical porous structure; lithium/sulfur batteries nitrogen-doped; mesoporous; layered structure; hierarchical porous structure; lithium/sulfur batteries
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Zhao, Y.; Zhang, X.; He, Y.; Liu, N.; Tan, T.; Liang, C. Biomass Derived Nitrogen-Doped Highly Porous Carbon Material with a Hierarchical Porous Structure for High-Performance Lithium/Sulfur Batteries. Materials 2017, 10, 1158.

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