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Materials 2017, 10(1), 36; doi:10.3390/ma10010036

A First Principles Study of H2 Adsorption on LaNiO3(001) Surfaces

1
State Key Laboratory of Advanced Processing and Recycling of Non-ferrous Metals, Lanzhou University of Technology, Lanzhou 730050, China
2
School of Science, Lanzhou University of Technology, Lanzhou 730050, China
3
The School of Nuclear Science and Technology, Lanzhou University, Lanzhou 730000, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Timon Rabczuk
Received: 28 October 2016 / Revised: 30 December 2016 / Accepted: 31 December 2016 / Published: 5 January 2017
(This article belongs to the Section Energy Materials)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [2137 KB, uploaded 5 January 2017]   |  

Abstract

The adsorption of H2 on LaNiO3 was investigated using density functional theory (DFT) calculations. The adsorption sites, adsorption energy, and electronic structure of LaNiO3(001)/H2 systems were calculated and indicated through the calculated surface energy that the (001) surface was the most stable surface. By looking at optimized structure, adsorption energy and dissociation energy, we found that there were three types of adsorption on the surface. First, H2 molecules completely dissociate and then tend to bind with the O atoms, forming two –OH bonds. Second, H2 molecules partially dissociate with the H atoms bonding to the same O atom to form one H2O molecule. These two types are chemical adsorption modes; however, the physical adsorption of H2 molecules can also occur. When analyzing the electron structure of the H2O molecule formed by the partial dissociation of the H2 molecule and the surface O atom, we found that the interaction between H2O and the (001) surface was weaker, thus, H2O was easier to separate from the surface to create an O vacancy. On the (001) surface, a supercell was constructed to accurately study the most stable adsorption site. The results from analyses of the charge population; electron localization function; and density of the states indicated that the dissociated H and O atoms form a typical covalent bond and that the interaction between the H2 molecule and surface is mainly due to the overlap-hybridization among the H 1s, O 2s, and O 2p states. Therefore, the conductivity of LaNiO3(001)/H2 is stronger after adsorption and furthermore, the conductivity of the LaNiO3 surface is better than that of the LaFeO3 surface. View Full-Text
Keywords: density functional theory; LaNiO3(001); surface adsorption; conductivity density functional theory; LaNiO3(001); surface adsorption; conductivity
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Pan, C.; Chen, Y.; Wu, N.; Zhang, M.; Yuan, L.; Zhang, C. A First Principles Study of H2 Adsorption on LaNiO3(001) Surfaces. Materials 2017, 10, 36.

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