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Materials 2017, 10(1), 19; doi:10.3390/ma10010019

Microstructural Evolution of Dy2O3-TiO2 Powder Mixtures during Ball Milling and Post-Milled Annealing

College of Energy, Xiamen University, Xiamen 361102, China
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Academic Editor: Jan Ingo Flege
Received: 30 October 2016 / Revised: 21 December 2016 / Accepted: 23 December 2016 / Published: 28 December 2016
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Abstract

The microstructural evolution of Dy2O3-TiO2 powder mixtures during ball milling and post-milled annealing was investigated using XRD, SEM, TEM, and DSC. At high ball-milling rotation speeds, the mixtures were fined, homogenized, nanocrystallized, and later completely amorphized, and the transformation of Dy2O3 from the cubic to the monoclinic crystal structure was observed. The amorphous transformation resulted from monoclinic Dy2O3, not from cubic Dy2O3. However, at low ball-milling rotation speeds, the mixtures were only fined and homogenized. An intermediate phase with a similar crystal structure to that of cubic Dy2TiO5 was detected in the amorphous mixtures annealed from 800 to 1000 °C, which was a metastable phase that transformed to orthorhombic Dy2TiO5 when the annealing temperature was above 1050 °C. However, at the same annealing temperatures, pyrochlore Dy2Ti2O7 initially formed and subsequently reacted with the remaining Dy2O3 to form orthorhombic Dy2TiO5 in the homogenous mixtures. The evolutionary mechanism of powder mixtures during ball milling and subsequent annealing was analyzed. View Full-Text
Keywords: microstructure; ball milling; dysprosium oxide; neutron absorber; phase evolution microstructure; ball milling; dysprosium oxide; neutron absorber; phase evolution
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MDPI and ACS Style

Huang, J.; Ran, G.; Lin, J.; Shen, Q.; Lei, P.; Wang, X.; Li, N. Microstructural Evolution of Dy2O3-TiO2 Powder Mixtures during Ball Milling and Post-Milled Annealing. Materials 2017, 10, 19.

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