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Energies 2016, 9(9), 760; doi:10.3390/en9090760

Investigation of Energy and Environmental Potentials of a Renewable Trigeneration System in a Residential Application

1
Renewable Energy Department, Korea Institute of Energy Research, Daejeo 305-343, Korea
2
Natural Resources Canada, CanmetENERGY, 1 Haanel Drive, Ottawa, ON K1A 1M1, Canada
3
TapSol, 591 Yulam-ri, Paltan-myeon, Hwasung-si, Gyeonggi-do 445-913, Korea
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Maurizio Sasso and Carlo Roselli
Received: 29 June 2016 / Revised: 9 August 2016 / Accepted: 12 September 2016 / Published: 20 September 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Renewable Energy Technologies for Small Scale Applications)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [3599 KB, uploaded 20 September 2016]   |  

Abstract

Micro polygeneration utilizing renewable energy is a suitable approach to reduce energy consumption and carbon emission by offering high-efficiency performance, offsetting the need for centrally-generated grid electricity and avoiding transmission/distribution losses associated with it. This paper investigates the energy and environmental potential of a renewable trigeneration system in a residential application under Incheon (Korea) and Ottawa (Canada) weather conditions. The trigeneration system consists of a ground-to-air heat exchanger (GAHX), photovoltaic thermal (PVT) panels and an air-to-water heat pump (AWHP). The study is performed by simulations in TRNSYS (Version 17.02) environment. The performance of the trigeneration system is compared to a reference conventional system that utilizes a boiler for space and domestic hot water heating and a chiller for space cooling. Simulation results showed substantial annual primary energy savings from the renewable trigeneration system in comparison to the reference system—45% for Incheon and 42% for Ottawa. The CO2eq emission reduction from the renewable trigeneration system is also significant, standing at 43% for Incheon and 82% for Ottawa. Furthermore, trigeneration systems’ capability to generate electricity and thermal energy at the point of use is considered as an attractive option for inclusion in the future smart energy network applications. View Full-Text
Keywords: trigeneration; micro-cogeneration; renewable energy; photovoltaic-thermal (PVT); ground-to-air heat exchanger; ground source heat pump; energy and environment trigeneration; micro-cogeneration; renewable energy; photovoltaic-thermal (PVT); ground-to-air heat exchanger; ground source heat pump; energy and environment
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Kang, E.-C.; Lee, E.-J.; Ghorab, M.; Yang, L.; Entchev, E.; Lee, K.-S.; Lyu, N.-J. Investigation of Energy and Environmental Potentials of a Renewable Trigeneration System in a Residential Application. Energies 2016, 9, 760.

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