Effect of Sintering Temperature and Applied Load on Anode-Supported Electrodes for SOFC Application
AbstractAnode-supported cells are prepared by a sequence of hot pressing and co-sintering processes for solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) applications. Commercially available porous anode tape (NiO/YSZ = 50 wt %/50 wt %), anode tape (NiO/YSZ = 30 wt %/70 wt %), and YSZ are used as the anode substrate, anode functional layer, and electrolyte layer, respectively. After hot pressing, the stacked layers are then sintered at different temperatures (1250 °C, 1350 °C, 1400 °C and 1450 °C) for 5 h in air. Different compressive loads are applied during the sintering process. An (La,Sr)MnO3 (LSM) paste is coated on the post-sintered anode-supported electrolyte surface as the cathode, and sintered at different temperatures (1100 °C, 1150 °C, 1200 °C and 1250 °C) for 2 h in air to generate anode-supported cells with dimensions of 60 × 60 mm2 (active reaction area of 50 × 50 mm2). SEM is used to investigate the anode structure of the anode-supported cells. In addition, confocal laser scanning microscopy is used to investigate the roughness of the cathode surfaces. At sintering temperatures of 1400 °C and 1450 °C, there is significant grain growth in the anode. Furthermore, the surface of the cathode is smoother at a firing temperature of 1200 °C. It is also found that the optimal compressive load of 1742 Pa led to a flatness of 168 µm/6 cm and a deformation of 0.72%. The open circuit voltage and power density of the anode-supported cell at 750 °C were 1.0 V and 178 mW·cm−2, respectively. View Full-Text
Share & Cite This Article
Nguyen, X.-V.; Chang, C.-T.; Jung, G.-B.; Chan, S.-H.; Huang, W.C.-W.; Hsiao, K.-J.; Lee, W.-T.; Chang, S.-W.; Kao, I.-C. Effect of Sintering Temperature and Applied Load on Anode-Supported Electrodes for SOFC Application. Energies 2016, 9, 701.
Nguyen X-V, Chang C-T, Jung G-B, Chan S-H, Huang WC-W, Hsiao K-J, Lee W-T, Chang S-W, Kao I-C. Effect of Sintering Temperature and Applied Load on Anode-Supported Electrodes for SOFC Application. Energies. 2016; 9(9):701.Chicago/Turabian Style
Nguyen, Xuan-Vien; Chang, Chang-Tsair; Jung, Guo-Bin; Chan, Shih-Hung; Huang, Wilson C.-W.; Hsiao, Kai-Jung; Lee, Win-Tai; Chang, Shu-Wei; Kao, I-Cheng. 2016. "Effect of Sintering Temperature and Applied Load on Anode-Supported Electrodes for SOFC Application." Energies 9, no. 9: 701.
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.