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Energies 2016, 9(9), 701; doi:10.3390/en9090701

Effect of Sintering Temperature and Applied Load on Anode-Supported Electrodes for SOFC Application

1
Department of Mechanical Engineering & Fuel Cell Center, Yuan Ze University, Taoyuan 320, Taiwan
2
Taoyuan Aerotropolis Company, Taoyuan 320, Taiwan
3
Taiwan Power Company, New Taipei City 100, Taiwan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Masoud Rokni
Received: 8 June 2016 / Revised: 29 July 2016 / Accepted: 11 August 2016 / Published: 31 August 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Solid Oxide Fuel Cells)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [8900 KB, uploaded 31 August 2016]   |  

Abstract

Anode-supported cells are prepared by a sequence of hot pressing and co-sintering processes for solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) applications. Commercially available porous anode tape (NiO/YSZ = 50 wt %/50 wt %), anode tape (NiO/YSZ = 30 wt %/70 wt %), and YSZ are used as the anode substrate, anode functional layer, and electrolyte layer, respectively. After hot pressing, the stacked layers are then sintered at different temperatures (1250 °C, 1350 °C, 1400 °C and 1450 °C) for 5 h in air. Different compressive loads are applied during the sintering process. An (La,Sr)MnO3 (LSM) paste is coated on the post-sintered anode-supported electrolyte surface as the cathode, and sintered at different temperatures (1100 °C, 1150 °C, 1200 °C and 1250 °C) for 2 h in air to generate anode-supported cells with dimensions of 60 × 60 mm2 (active reaction area of 50 × 50 mm2). SEM is used to investigate the anode structure of the anode-supported cells. In addition, confocal laser scanning microscopy is used to investigate the roughness of the cathode surfaces. At sintering temperatures of 1400 °C and 1450 °C, there is significant grain growth in the anode. Furthermore, the surface of the cathode is smoother at a firing temperature of 1200 °C. It is also found that the optimal compressive load of 1742 Pa led to a flatness of 168 µm/6 cm and a deformation of 0.72%. The open circuit voltage and power density of the anode-supported cell at 750 °C were 1.0 V and 178 mW·cm−2, respectively. View Full-Text
Keywords: pretreatment; anode-supported cell; solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC); impedance spectra; warpage; applied load; roughness; cell shape pretreatment; anode-supported cell; solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC); impedance spectra; warpage; applied load; roughness; cell shape
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MDPI and ACS Style

Nguyen, X.-V.; Chang, C.-T.; Jung, G.-B.; Chan, S.-H.; Huang, W.C.-W.; Hsiao, K.-J.; Lee, W.-T.; Chang, S.-W.; Kao, I.-C. Effect of Sintering Temperature and Applied Load on Anode-Supported Electrodes for SOFC Application. Energies 2016, 9, 701.

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