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A Power Balance Aware Wireless Charger Deployment Method for Complete Coverage in Wireless Rechargeable Sensor Networks
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Energies 2016, 9(9), 696; doi:10.3390/en9090696

Efficient Wireless Charger Deployment for Wireless Rechargeable Sensor Networks

Department of Computer Science and Information, National Central University, Taoyuan 32001, Taiwan
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Academic Editor: Chang Wu Yu
Received: 11 June 2016 / Revised: 19 August 2016 / Accepted: 22 August 2016 / Published: 31 August 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Wireless Rechargeable Sensor Networks)

Abstract

A wireless rechargeable sensor network (WRSN) consists of sensor nodes that can harvest energy emitted from wireless chargers for refilling their batteries so that the WRSN can operate sustainably. This paper assumes wireless chargers are equipped with directional antennas, and are deployed on grid points of a fixed height to propose two heuristic algorithms solving the following wireless charger deployment optimization (WCDO) problem: how to deploy as few as possible chargers to make the WRSN sustainable. Both algorithms model the charging space of chargers as a cone and calculate charging efficiency according power regression expressions complying with the Friis transmission equation. The two algorithms are the greedy cone covering (GCC) algorithm and the adaptive cone covering (ACC) algorithm. The GCC (respectively, ACC) algorithm greedily (respectively, adaptively) generates candidate cones to cover as many as possible sensor nodes. Both algorithms then greedily select the fewest number of candidate cones, each of which corresponds to the deployment of a charger, to have approximate solutions to the WCDO problem. We perform experiments, conduct simulations and do analyses for the algorithms to compare them in terms of the time complexity, the number of chargers deployed, and the execution time. View Full-Text
Keywords: wireless rechargeable sensor network (WRSN); energy harvesting; charger deployment; sustainability; greedy algorithms; directional antennas; Friis transmission equation wireless rechargeable sensor network (WRSN); energy harvesting; charger deployment; sustainability; greedy algorithms; directional antennas; Friis transmission equation
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Jiang, J.-R.; Liao, J.-H. Efficient Wireless Charger Deployment for Wireless Rechargeable Sensor Networks. Energies 2016, 9, 696.

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