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Energies 2016, 9(7), 532; doi:10.3390/en9070532

Electric Vehicle to Power Grid Integration Using Three-Phase Three-Level AC/DC Converter and PI-Fuzzy Controller

1
Faculty of Energy Systems and Nuclear Science, University of Ontario Institute of Technology, Oshawa, ON, L1H 7K4, Canada
2
Faculty of Engineering, Sohag University, Sohag 82524, Egypt
3
Faculty of Engineering and Applied Science, University of Ontario Institute of Technology, Oshawa, ON L1H 7K4, Canada
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Michael Gerard Pecht and Ximing Cheng
Received: 15 April 2016 / Revised: 25 June 2016 / Accepted: 8 July 2016 / Published: 11 July 2016
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [4385 KB, uploaded 11 July 2016]   |  

Abstract

This paper presents the control and simulation of an electric vehicle (EV) charging station using a three-level converter on the grid-side as well as on the EV-side. The charging station control schemes with three-level AC/DC power conversion and a bidirectional DC/DC charging regulator are described. The integration of EVs to the power grid provides an improvement of the grid reliability and stability. EVs are considered an asset to the smart grid to optimize effective performance economically and environmentally under various operation conditions, and more significantly to sustain the resiliency of the grid in the case of emergency conditions and disturbance events. The three-level grid side converter (GSC) can participate in the reactive power support or grid voltage control at the grid interfacing point or the common coupling point (PCC). A fuzzy logic proportional integral (FL-PI) controller is proposed to control the GSC converter. The controllers used are verified and tested by simulation to evaluate their performance using MATLAB/SIMULINK. The comparison of a PI-controller and a PI-Fuzzy controller for the EV charging station shows the effectiveness of the proposed FL-PI controller over conventional PI controller for same circuit operating conditions. A good performance for PI-Fuzzy in terms of settling time and peak overshoot can observed from the simulation results. View Full-Text
Keywords: EV charging station; three-phase three-level; AC/DC converter; FLC control EV charging station; three-phase three-level; AC/DC converter; FLC control
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Sayed, K.; Gabbar, H.A. Electric Vehicle to Power Grid Integration Using Three-Phase Three-Level AC/DC Converter and PI-Fuzzy Controller. Energies 2016, 9, 532.

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