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Energies 2016, 9(6), 447; doi:10.3390/en9060447

Optimization of Internal Cooling Fins for Metal Hydride Reactors

Mechanical Engineering Department, University of Alaska Fairbanks, Fairbanks, AK 99775, USA
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Wei-Hsin Chen
Received: 25 March 2016 / Revised: 20 May 2016 / Accepted: 1 June 2016 / Published: 9 June 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Hydrogen Production, Separation and Applications)
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Abstract

Metal hydride alloys are considered as a promising alternative to conventional hydrogen storage cylinders and mechanical hydrogen compressors. Compared to storing in a classic gas tank, metal hydride alloys can store hydrogen at nearly room pressure and use less volume to store the same amount of hydrogen. However, this hydrogen storage method necessitates an effective way to reject the heat released from the exothermic hydriding reaction. In this paper, a finned conductive insert is adopted to improve the heat transfer in the cylindrical reactor. The fins collect the heat that is volumetrically generated in LaNi5 metal hydride alloys and deliver it to the channel located in the center, through which a refrigerant flows. A multiple-physics modeling is performed to analyze the transient heat and mass transfer during the hydrogen absorption process. Fin design is made to identify the optimum shape of the finned insert for the best heat rejection. For the shape optimization, use of a predefined transient heat generation function is proposed. Simulations show that there exists an optimal length for the fin geometry. View Full-Text
Keywords: metal hydride reactor; hydrogen storage; exothermic hydriding reaction; finned surface metal hydride reactor; hydrogen storage; exothermic hydriding reaction; finned surface
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Kukkapalli, V.K.; Kim, S. Optimization of Internal Cooling Fins for Metal Hydride Reactors. Energies 2016, 9, 447.

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