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Energies 2016, 9(5), 319; doi:10.3390/en9050319

Modeling of Production and Quality of Bioethanol Obtained from Sugarcane Fermentation Using Direct Dissolved Sugars Measurements

1
Departamento de Ingeniería Rural y Agroalimentaria, Universitat Politècnica de Valencia, Camino de Vera s/n, Valencia 46022, Spain
2
Centro de Estudios de Biomasa, Departamento de Investigación, Universidad Estatal de Bolívar, Av. Ernesto Che Guevara, Sector Alpachaca, Guaranda 092, Ecuador
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Francisco Manzano-Agugliaro
Received: 30 March 2016 / Revised: 12 April 2016 / Accepted: 19 April 2016 / Published: 26 April 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Urban Generation of Renewable Energy and Sustainable Cities)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [3094 KB, uploaded 26 April 2016]   |  

Abstract

Bioethanol production from sugarcane represents an opportunity for urban-agricultural development in small communities of Ecuador. Despite the fact that the industry for bioethanol production from sugarcane in Brazil is fully developed, it is still considered expensive as a small rural business. In order to be able to reduce the costs of monitoring the production process, and avoid the application of expensive sensors, the aim of this research was modeling the kinetics of production of bioethanol based on direct measurements of Brix grades, instead of the concentration of alcohol, during the process of cane juice bio-fermentation with Saccharomyces cerevisiae. This avoids the application of expensive sensors that increase the investment costs. Fermentation experiments with three concentrations of yeast and two temperatures were carried out in a laboratory reactor. In each case Brix grades, amount of ethanol and alcoholic degree were measured. A mathematical model to predict the quality and production of bioethanol was developed from Brix grade measurements, obtaining an adjusted coefficient of determination of 0.97. The model was validated in a pilot plant. View Full-Text
Keywords: biofuel; bioenergy; kinetics model; developing sectors biofuel; bioenergy; kinetics model; developing sectors
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Velazquez-Marti, B.; Pérez-Pacheco, S.; Gaibor-Chávez, J.; Wilcaso, P. Modeling of Production and Quality of Bioethanol Obtained from Sugarcane Fermentation Using Direct Dissolved Sugars Measurements. Energies 2016, 9, 319.

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